: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are chronic intermittent inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract of unknown etiology but a clear genetic predisposition. Prompted by the first investigations on IBD families and twins, the genetic and epigenetic studies have produced an unprecedented amount of information in comparison with other immune-mediated or complex diseases. New inflammatory pathways and possible mechanisms of action have been disclosed, potentially leading to new-targeted therapy. However, the identification of genetic markers due to the great disease heterogeneity and the overwhelming contribution of environmental risk factors has not modified yet the disease management. The possibility for the future of a better prediction of disease course, response to therapy and therapy-related adverse events may allow a more efficient and personalized strategy. This review will focus on more recent discoveries that may potentially be of relevance in daily clinical practice.

Genetics and epigenetics of IBD / Annese, Vito. - In: PHARMACOLOGICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 1096-1186. - 159:(2020), p. 104892. [10.1016/j.phrs.2020.104892]

Genetics and epigenetics of IBD

Annese, Vito
2020-01-01

Abstract

: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are chronic intermittent inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract of unknown etiology but a clear genetic predisposition. Prompted by the first investigations on IBD families and twins, the genetic and epigenetic studies have produced an unprecedented amount of information in comparison with other immune-mediated or complex diseases. New inflammatory pathways and possible mechanisms of action have been disclosed, potentially leading to new-targeted therapy. However, the identification of genetic markers due to the great disease heterogeneity and the overwhelming contribution of environmental risk factors has not modified yet the disease management. The possibility for the future of a better prediction of disease course, response to therapy and therapy-related adverse events may allow a more efficient and personalized strategy. This review will focus on more recent discoveries that may potentially be of relevance in daily clinical practice.
2020
Crohn's disease (CD)
Epigenetic
Genetic
Genome-wide association study (GWAS)
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
Ulcerative colitis (UC)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/148056
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