Autophagy is an evolutionary conserved process for the self-degradation and recycling of cellular components in the cytoplasm. It is involved in both physiological and pathological conditions. In detail, the term "autophagy" refers to intracellular degradative pathways that lead to packaging and deliver of cellular components to lysosomes or to plant and yeast vacuoles. Autophagy is triggered by a variety of stimuli like nutrient deprivation, hypoxia, mitochondrial dysfunction, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and is regulated by immune- and hormonal factors. The role of autophagy in tumor cells is complex. Indeed, autophagy may act as a tumor suppressor as well as a tumor survival factor, in a context-dependent manner. The research into autophagy in normal pituitary and pituitary tumors has not gained great consideration, yet. Nevertheless, some recent articles joint to previous case studies, suggest that this process plays a role in the modulation and fluctuation of normal pituitary cell functions and in the response of pituitary tumor cells to drug therapy, including the response to somatostatin receptor ligand (SRLs), the first-line medical therapy of acromegaly. Although it is not possible to draw any conclusion, the aim of this review was to highlight some considerations and perspectives in this research field. Reports on the effects of octreotide on autophagy induction and autophagic flux in extra-pituitary target tissues, have also been discussed.

Autophagy in normal pituitary and pituitary tumor cells and its potential role in the actions of somatostatin receptor ligands in acromegaly / Tulipano, Giovanni; Giustina, Andrea. - In: REVIEWS IN ENDOCRINE & METABOLIC DISORDERS. - ISSN 1389-9155. - 22:2(2021), pp. 147-160. [10.1007/s11154-021-09649-x]

Autophagy in normal pituitary and pituitary tumor cells and its potential role in the actions of somatostatin receptor ligands in acromegaly

Giustina, Andrea
Secondo
2021-01-01

Abstract

Autophagy is an evolutionary conserved process for the self-degradation and recycling of cellular components in the cytoplasm. It is involved in both physiological and pathological conditions. In detail, the term "autophagy" refers to intracellular degradative pathways that lead to packaging and deliver of cellular components to lysosomes or to plant and yeast vacuoles. Autophagy is triggered by a variety of stimuli like nutrient deprivation, hypoxia, mitochondrial dysfunction, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and is regulated by immune- and hormonal factors. The role of autophagy in tumor cells is complex. Indeed, autophagy may act as a tumor suppressor as well as a tumor survival factor, in a context-dependent manner. The research into autophagy in normal pituitary and pituitary tumors has not gained great consideration, yet. Nevertheless, some recent articles joint to previous case studies, suggest that this process plays a role in the modulation and fluctuation of normal pituitary cell functions and in the response of pituitary tumor cells to drug therapy, including the response to somatostatin receptor ligand (SRLs), the first-line medical therapy of acromegaly. Although it is not possible to draw any conclusion, the aim of this review was to highlight some considerations and perspectives in this research field. Reports on the effects of octreotide on autophagy induction and autophagic flux in extra-pituitary target tissues, have also been discussed.
2021
Autophagy
Octreotide
Pituitary
Pituitary adenoma
Somatostatin
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/148477
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