Purpose: To propose a noninvasive way of classifying multimodal imaging of retinal microaneurysms (MA) secondary to diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods: The research was designed as a cross-sectional, observational study of patients affected by DR. Multimodal imaging included confocal MultiColor imaging, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA). MA green-and infrared-reflectance components were assessed by confocal MultiColor imaging, reflec-tivity properties by OCT, and MA perfusion features by OCTA. In addition, we included high-resolution (HR) and high-speed (HS) OCTA scans to assess HR-HS agreement in detecting retinal MA and to highlight different perfusion features detected by both OCTA acquisitions. Results: We analyzed 216 retinal MAs, divided into green (46; 21%), red (58; 27%) and mixed types (112; 52%). Green MAs were mainly hyper-reflective on OCT, with no or poor filling on OCTA. Red MAs were characterized by an isoreflective signal on OCT and full filling on OCTA. Mixed MAs showed a hyper-reflective border and a hyporeflective core on OCT and partial filling on OCTA. No differences in red MA HR/HS size discrep-ancy and reflectivity were found, whereas these progressively increased as the MA Multi -Color signal changed from infrared to green. MA types significantly correlated with visual acuity, DR duration, and DR severity. Conclusions: Retinal MA can be classified reliably by means of a fully noninvasive multi -modal imaging-based assessment. MA types are matched with visual acuity, DR duration and DR severity. Both HR and HS OCTA are highly effective in detecting MA, although HR OCTA is to be preferred in the presence of fibrotic evolution. Translational Relevance: This study outlines a proposed novel MA classification based on noninvasive multimodal imaging. The findings presented in this paper endorse the clinical relevance of this approach, highlighting how this classification is associated with both DR duration and severity.

Confocal MultiColor Signal Depends on Perfusion Characteristics of Retinal Microaneurysms in Diabetic Retinopathy as Detected by OCTA / Arrigo, Alessandro; Teussink, Michel; Antropoli, Alessio; Bianco, Lorenzo; Aragona, Emanuela; Gambarotta, Sofia; Bandello, Francesco; Battaglia Parodi, Maurizio. - In: TRANSLATIONAL VISION SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 2164-2591. - 12:5(2023), p. 6. [10.1167/tvst.12.5.6]

Confocal MultiColor Signal Depends on Perfusion Characteristics of Retinal Microaneurysms in Diabetic Retinopathy as Detected by OCTA

Arrigo, Alessandro
Primo
;
Antropoli, Alessio;Bianco, Lorenzo;Aragona, Emanuela;Bandello, Francesco
Penultimo
;
Battaglia Parodi, Maurizio
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Purpose: To propose a noninvasive way of classifying multimodal imaging of retinal microaneurysms (MA) secondary to diabetic retinopathy (DR). Methods: The research was designed as a cross-sectional, observational study of patients affected by DR. Multimodal imaging included confocal MultiColor imaging, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and OCT angiography (OCTA). MA green-and infrared-reflectance components were assessed by confocal MultiColor imaging, reflec-tivity properties by OCT, and MA perfusion features by OCTA. In addition, we included high-resolution (HR) and high-speed (HS) OCTA scans to assess HR-HS agreement in detecting retinal MA and to highlight different perfusion features detected by both OCTA acquisitions. Results: We analyzed 216 retinal MAs, divided into green (46; 21%), red (58; 27%) and mixed types (112; 52%). Green MAs were mainly hyper-reflective on OCT, with no or poor filling on OCTA. Red MAs were characterized by an isoreflective signal on OCT and full filling on OCTA. Mixed MAs showed a hyper-reflective border and a hyporeflective core on OCT and partial filling on OCTA. No differences in red MA HR/HS size discrep-ancy and reflectivity were found, whereas these progressively increased as the MA Multi -Color signal changed from infrared to green. MA types significantly correlated with visual acuity, DR duration, and DR severity. Conclusions: Retinal MA can be classified reliably by means of a fully noninvasive multi -modal imaging-based assessment. MA types are matched with visual acuity, DR duration and DR severity. Both HR and HS OCTA are highly effective in detecting MA, although HR OCTA is to be preferred in the presence of fibrotic evolution. Translational Relevance: This study outlines a proposed novel MA classification based on noninvasive multimodal imaging. The findings presented in this paper endorse the clinical relevance of this approach, highlighting how this classification is associated with both DR duration and severity.
2023
retinal microaneurysms
diabetic retinopathy
OCT
OCTA
confocal MultiColor
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/148817
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