PURPOSE. To estimate the impact of transition from intermediate to exudative neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) on the inner retina and to assess the relationship of clinical characteristics and optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings with inner retinal changes. METHODS. A total of 80 participants (80 eyes) with intermediate AMD at baseline who developed neovascular AMD within 3 months were included in the analysis. OCT scans at follow-up visits (after transition to neovascular AMD) were compared with values at the latest visit with evidence of intermediate AMD to quantify longitudinal inner retinal changes. OCT images were also reviewed for qualitative features reflecting distress of the outer retina or retinal pigment epithelium and for the presence and characteristics of exudation. RESULTS. The parafoveal and perifoveal inner retinal thicknesses were 97.6 & PLUSMN; 12.9 & mu;m and 103.5 & PLUSMN; 16.2 & mu;m, respectively, at baseline, and a significant increase in values was detected at the visit with first evidence of neovascular AMD (parafoveal: 99.0 & PLUSMN; 12.8 & mu;m, P = 0.040; perifoveal: 107.9 & PLUSMN; 19.0 & mu;m, P = 0.0007). Conversely, the inner retina was significantly thinner at the 12-month follow-up visit after initiation of the anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy (parafoveal: 90.3 & PLUSMN; 14.8 & mu;m, P < 0.0001; perifoveal: 92.0 & PLUSMN; 21.3 & mu;m, P < 0.0001). At the 12-month follow-up visit, OCT evidence of alter-ations of the external limiting membrane and history of previous intraretinal fluid were associated with a greater inner retinal thinning. CONCLUSIONS. The development of exudative neovascularization is associated with signif-icant neuronal loss that may be detected once the exudation is resolved. OCT analysis demonstrated a significant relationship between morphological alterations detected using structural OCT and the amount of inner neuronal loss.

Capturing the Transition From Intermediate to Neovascular AMD: Longitudinal Inner Retinal Thinning and Factors Associated With Neuronal Loss / Borrelli, Enrico; Barresi, Costanza; Lari, Giorgio; Berni, Alessandro; Battista, Marco; Reibaldi, Michele; Cascavilla, Maria Lucia; Bandello, Francesco. - In: INVESTIGATIVE OPHTHALMOLOGY & VISUAL SCIENCE. - ISSN 1552-5783. - 64:4(2023), p. 21. [10.1167/iovs.64.4.21]

Capturing the Transition From Intermediate to Neovascular AMD: Longitudinal Inner Retinal Thinning and Factors Associated With Neuronal Loss

Borrelli, Enrico
Primo
;
Barresi, Costanza
Secondo
;
Lari, Giorgio;Berni, Alessandro;Battista, Marco;Bandello, Francesco
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

PURPOSE. To estimate the impact of transition from intermediate to exudative neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD) on the inner retina and to assess the relationship of clinical characteristics and optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings with inner retinal changes. METHODS. A total of 80 participants (80 eyes) with intermediate AMD at baseline who developed neovascular AMD within 3 months were included in the analysis. OCT scans at follow-up visits (after transition to neovascular AMD) were compared with values at the latest visit with evidence of intermediate AMD to quantify longitudinal inner retinal changes. OCT images were also reviewed for qualitative features reflecting distress of the outer retina or retinal pigment epithelium and for the presence and characteristics of exudation. RESULTS. The parafoveal and perifoveal inner retinal thicknesses were 97.6 & PLUSMN; 12.9 & mu;m and 103.5 & PLUSMN; 16.2 & mu;m, respectively, at baseline, and a significant increase in values was detected at the visit with first evidence of neovascular AMD (parafoveal: 99.0 & PLUSMN; 12.8 & mu;m, P = 0.040; perifoveal: 107.9 & PLUSMN; 19.0 & mu;m, P = 0.0007). Conversely, the inner retina was significantly thinner at the 12-month follow-up visit after initiation of the anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy (parafoveal: 90.3 & PLUSMN; 14.8 & mu;m, P < 0.0001; perifoveal: 92.0 & PLUSMN; 21.3 & mu;m, P < 0.0001). At the 12-month follow-up visit, OCT evidence of alter-ations of the external limiting membrane and history of previous intraretinal fluid were associated with a greater inner retinal thinning. CONCLUSIONS. The development of exudative neovascularization is associated with signif-icant neuronal loss that may be detected once the exudation is resolved. OCT analysis demonstrated a significant relationship between morphological alterations detected using structural OCT and the amount of inner neuronal loss.
2023
retinal ganglion cells
age-related macular degeneration
neovascularization
optical coherence tomography
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/148897
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