Doxorubicin (DOX) is a potent chemotherapeutic with distinct cardiotoxic properties. Understanding the underlying cardiotoxic mechanisms on a molecular level would enable the early detection of cardiotoxicity and implementation of prophylactic treatment. Our goal was to map the patterns of different radiopharmaceuticals as surrogate markers of specific metabolic pathways induced by chemotherapy. Therefore, cardiac distribution of 99mTc-sestamibi, 99mTc-Annexin V, 99mTc-glucaric acid and [18F]FDG and cardiac expression of Bcl-2, caspase-3 and -8, TUNEL, HIF-1α, and p53 were assessed in response to DOX exposure in mice. A total of 80 mice (64 treated, 16 controls) were evaluated. All radiopharmaceuticals showed significantly increased uptake compared to controls, with peak cardiac uptake after one (99mTc-Annexin V), two (99mTc-sestamibi), three ([18F]FDG), or four (99mTc-glucaric acid) cycles of DOX. Strong correlations (p < 0.01) were observed between 99mTc-Annexin V, caspase 3 and 8, and TUNEL, and between [18F]FDG and HIF-1α. This suggests that the cardiac DOX response starts with apoptosis at low exposure levels, as indicated by 99mTc-Annexin V and histological apoptosis markers. Late process membrane disintegration can possibly be detected by 99mTc-sestamibi and 99mTc-glucaric acid. [18F]FDG signifies an early adaptive response to DOX, which can be further exploited clinically in the near future.

Cardiac molecular pathways influenced by doxorubicin treatment in mice / Bulten, Ben F; Sollini, Martina; Boni, Roberto; Massri, Katrin; de Geus-Oei, Lioe-Fee; van Laarhoven, Hanneke W M; Slart, Riemer H J A; Erba, Paola A. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 9:1(2019), p. 2514. [10.1038/s41598-019-38986-w]

Cardiac molecular pathways influenced by doxorubicin treatment in mice

Sollini, Martina
Secondo
;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Doxorubicin (DOX) is a potent chemotherapeutic with distinct cardiotoxic properties. Understanding the underlying cardiotoxic mechanisms on a molecular level would enable the early detection of cardiotoxicity and implementation of prophylactic treatment. Our goal was to map the patterns of different radiopharmaceuticals as surrogate markers of specific metabolic pathways induced by chemotherapy. Therefore, cardiac distribution of 99mTc-sestamibi, 99mTc-Annexin V, 99mTc-glucaric acid and [18F]FDG and cardiac expression of Bcl-2, caspase-3 and -8, TUNEL, HIF-1α, and p53 were assessed in response to DOX exposure in mice. A total of 80 mice (64 treated, 16 controls) were evaluated. All radiopharmaceuticals showed significantly increased uptake compared to controls, with peak cardiac uptake after one (99mTc-Annexin V), two (99mTc-sestamibi), three ([18F]FDG), or four (99mTc-glucaric acid) cycles of DOX. Strong correlations (p < 0.01) were observed between 99mTc-Annexin V, caspase 3 and 8, and TUNEL, and between [18F]FDG and HIF-1α. This suggests that the cardiac DOX response starts with apoptosis at low exposure levels, as indicated by 99mTc-Annexin V and histological apoptosis markers. Late process membrane disintegration can possibly be detected by 99mTc-sestamibi and 99mTc-glucaric acid. [18F]FDG signifies an early adaptive response to DOX, which can be further exploited clinically in the near future.
2019
Animals
Annexin A5
Apoptosis
Cardiotoxins
Caspase 3
Disease Models
Animal
Doxorubicin
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18
Gene Expression Regulation
Neoplastic
Heart
Humans
Mice
Neoplasms
Organotechnetium Compounds
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2
Radiopharmaceuticals
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/149576
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