Objectives: During the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, emergency medical services (EMSs) were among the most affected; in fact, there were delays in rescue and changes in time-dependent disease networks. The aim of the study is to understand the impact of COVID-19 on the time-dependent trauma network in the Lombardy region. Methods: A retrospective analysis on major trauma was performed by analysing all records saved in the EmMa database from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019 and from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020. Age, gender, time to first emergency vehicle on scene and mission duration were collected. Results: In 2020, compared to 2019, there was a reduction in major trauma diagnoses in March and April, during the first lockdown, OR 0.59 (95% CI 0.49–0.70; p < 0.0001), and a reduction in road accidents and accidents at work, while injuries related to falls from height and violent events increased. There was no significant increase in the number of deaths in the prehospital setting, OR 1.09 (95% CI 0.73–1.30; p = 0.325). Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the epidemiology of major trauma, but in the Lombardy region there was no significant change in mortality in the out-of-hospital setting.

Changes to the Major Trauma Pre-Hospital Emergency Medical System Network before and during the 2019 COVID-19 Pandemic / Stirparo, G.; Ristagno, G.; Bellini, L.; Bonora, R.; Pagliosa, A.; Migliari, M.; Andreassi, A.; Signorelli, C.; Sechi, G. M.; Fagoni, N.. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 11:22(2022). [10.3390/jcm11226748]

Changes to the Major Trauma Pre-Hospital Emergency Medical System Network before and during the 2019 COVID-19 Pandemic

Stirparo G.;Bellini L.;Signorelli C.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: During the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, emergency medical services (EMSs) were among the most affected; in fact, there were delays in rescue and changes in time-dependent disease networks. The aim of the study is to understand the impact of COVID-19 on the time-dependent trauma network in the Lombardy region. Methods: A retrospective analysis on major trauma was performed by analysing all records saved in the EmMa database from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019 and from 1 January 2020 to 31 December 2020. Age, gender, time to first emergency vehicle on scene and mission duration were collected. Results: In 2020, compared to 2019, there was a reduction in major trauma diagnoses in March and April, during the first lockdown, OR 0.59 (95% CI 0.49–0.70; p < 0.0001), and a reduction in road accidents and accidents at work, while injuries related to falls from height and violent events increased. There was no significant increase in the number of deaths in the prehospital setting, OR 1.09 (95% CI 0.73–1.30; p = 0.325). Conclusions: The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the epidemiology of major trauma, but in the Lombardy region there was no significant change in mortality in the out-of-hospital setting.
2022
coronavirus disease 2019
emergency medical service
major trauma
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/150397
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