Almost 40% of infertile men cases are classified as idiopathic when tested negative to the current diagnostic routine based on the screening of karyotype, Y chromosome microdeletions and CFTR mutations in men with azoospermia or oligozoospermia. Rare monogenic forms of infertility are not routinely evaluated. In this study we aim to investigate the unknown potential genetic causes in couples with pure male idiopathic infertility by applying variant prioritization to whole exome sequencing (WES) in a cohort of 99 idiopathic Italian patients. The ad-hoc manually curated gene library prioritizes genes already known to be associated with more common and rare syndromic and non-syndromic male infertility forms. Twelve monogenic cases (12.1%) were identified in the whole cohort of patients. Of these, three patients had variants related to mild androgen insensitivity syndrome, two in genes related to hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, and six in genes related to spermatogenic failure, while one patient is mutant in PKD1. These results suggest that NGS combined with our manually curated pipeline for variant prioritization and classification can uncover a considerable number of Mendelian causes of infertility even in a small cohort of patients.

Whole exome data prioritization unveils the hidden weight of Mendelian causes of male infertility. A report from the first Italian cohort / Quarantani, Gioia; Sorgente, Anna; Alfano, Massimo; Pipitone, Giovanni Battista; Boeri, Luca; Pozzi, Edoardo; Belladelli, Federico; Pederzoli, Filippo; Ferrara, Anna Maria; Montorsi, Francesco; Moles, Anna; Carrera, Paola; Salonia, Andrea; Casari, Giorgio. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 18:8(2023). [10.1371/journal.pone.0288336]

Whole exome data prioritization unveils the hidden weight of Mendelian causes of male infertility. A report from the first Italian cohort

Pozzi, Edoardo;Belladelli, Federico;Pederzoli, Filippo;Montorsi, Francesco;Salonia, Andrea
Penultimo
;
Casari, Giorgio
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Almost 40% of infertile men cases are classified as idiopathic when tested negative to the current diagnostic routine based on the screening of karyotype, Y chromosome microdeletions and CFTR mutations in men with azoospermia or oligozoospermia. Rare monogenic forms of infertility are not routinely evaluated. In this study we aim to investigate the unknown potential genetic causes in couples with pure male idiopathic infertility by applying variant prioritization to whole exome sequencing (WES) in a cohort of 99 idiopathic Italian patients. The ad-hoc manually curated gene library prioritizes genes already known to be associated with more common and rare syndromic and non-syndromic male infertility forms. Twelve monogenic cases (12.1%) were identified in the whole cohort of patients. Of these, three patients had variants related to mild androgen insensitivity syndrome, two in genes related to hypogonadotropic hypogonadism, and six in genes related to spermatogenic failure, while one patient is mutant in PKD1. These results suggest that NGS combined with our manually curated pipeline for variant prioritization and classification can uncover a considerable number of Mendelian causes of infertility even in a small cohort of patients.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/150983
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