Aim: Unspecific bone uptake is one of the main limitations of PET imaging with some PSMA-targeting radiopharmaceuticals, especially with [18F]PSMA-1007. We explored the potential association between osteoporosis and the occurrence of unspecific [18F]PSMA-1007 bone uptake investigating markers which might correlate with bone mineral density. Materials and methods: We retrospectively analyzed treatment-naïve patients with a confirmed diagnosis of prostate adenocarcinoma who underwent staging [18F]PSMA-1007 positron emission tomography (PET). Qualitative image analysis was performed independently by three experienced nuclear medicine physicians. Patients were divided in two groups according to the presence/absence of unspecific bone uptake. Clinical information, blood count parameters (assessed within 3 months to the PET scan), body mass index (BMI), and bone density as estimated by computed tomography were collected. The Kruskal-Wallis and t-test were used to compare parameters. Results: We analyzed 77 patients: 29 of them (38%) had unspecific bone uptake at [18F]PSMA-1007 PET, most commonly in the pelvic bones (69%) and ribs (62%). We did not find any significant difference in clinical parameters in the two groups. In patients with unspecific bone uptake, white blood cell, and neutrophil counts were significantly higher; in the same group, we observed lower values of BMI and bone density, although not statistically different. Conclusions: We observed unspecific bone uptake on [18F]PSMA-1007 PET in more than 1/3 of patients. In this exploratory analysis, we found a significant correlation between blood count parameters and unspecific [18F]PSMA-1007 bone uptake. We may speculate that [18F]PSMA-1007 unspecific bone uptake could be associated with osteoporosis. This hypothesis needs to be further investigated in larger populations and exploring more specific markers of osteoporosis.

The potential role of osteoporosis in unspecific [18F]PSMA-1007 bone uptake / Ninatti, Gaia; Pini, Cristiano; Gelardi, Fabrizia; Ghezzo, Samuele; Mapelli, Paola; Picchio, Maria; Antunovic, Lidija; Briganti, Alberto; Montorsi, Francesco; Landoni, Claudio; Sollini, Martina; Chiti, Arturo. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING. - ISSN 1619-7070. - (2023). [10.1007/s00259-023-06424-9]

The potential role of osteoporosis in unspecific [18F]PSMA-1007 bone uptake

Ghezzo, Samuele;Mapelli, Paola;Picchio, Maria;Briganti, Alberto;Montorsi, Francesco;Sollini, Martina
Penultimo
;
Chiti, Arturo
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Aim: Unspecific bone uptake is one of the main limitations of PET imaging with some PSMA-targeting radiopharmaceuticals, especially with [18F]PSMA-1007. We explored the potential association between osteoporosis and the occurrence of unspecific [18F]PSMA-1007 bone uptake investigating markers which might correlate with bone mineral density. Materials and methods: We retrospectively analyzed treatment-naïve patients with a confirmed diagnosis of prostate adenocarcinoma who underwent staging [18F]PSMA-1007 positron emission tomography (PET). Qualitative image analysis was performed independently by three experienced nuclear medicine physicians. Patients were divided in two groups according to the presence/absence of unspecific bone uptake. Clinical information, blood count parameters (assessed within 3 months to the PET scan), body mass index (BMI), and bone density as estimated by computed tomography were collected. The Kruskal-Wallis and t-test were used to compare parameters. Results: We analyzed 77 patients: 29 of them (38%) had unspecific bone uptake at [18F]PSMA-1007 PET, most commonly in the pelvic bones (69%) and ribs (62%). We did not find any significant difference in clinical parameters in the two groups. In patients with unspecific bone uptake, white blood cell, and neutrophil counts were significantly higher; in the same group, we observed lower values of BMI and bone density, although not statistically different. Conclusions: We observed unspecific bone uptake on [18F]PSMA-1007 PET in more than 1/3 of patients. In this exploratory analysis, we found a significant correlation between blood count parameters and unspecific [18F]PSMA-1007 bone uptake. We may speculate that [18F]PSMA-1007 unspecific bone uptake could be associated with osteoporosis. This hypothesis needs to be further investigated in larger populations and exploring more specific markers of osteoporosis.
2023
Bone uptake
Osteoporosis
PET/CT
PET/MRI
PSMA
Prostate cancer
[18F]PSMA-1007
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/151076
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