This study aims to determine the annual incidence of proximal femoral fractures in Italy in the period between 2001 and 2016 among older adults, and to describe the trends in the clinical management of these cases. Data were retrieved from the National Hospital Discharge records issued by the Italian Ministry of Health and from the Italian Institute for Statistics. The number of hospitalizations increased between 2001 and 2016, while the age-adjusted yearly incidence decreased from 832.2 per 100,000 individuals to 706.2. The median age was 83 years (IQR 78-88) with a large majority of females (76.6%). The type of fracture varied with age in female subjects, with older women more frequently reporting pertrochanteric fractures. Therapeutic strategies for the different types of fracture depended on patients' age. During the study years, improvements in fracture classification and management strategies were observed, with a clear decreasing trend for non-operative solutions. In conclusion, the number of proximal femur fractures in older adults is growing, even if at a lower rate compared to population aging. The Italian surgical practice changed during the study period towards the implementation of the most recent guidelines.

Epidemiology and Management of Proximal Femoral Fractures in Italy between 2001 and 2016 in Older Adults: Analysis of the National Discharge Registry / Longo, Umile Giuseppe; Viganò, Marco; de Girolamo, Laura; Banfi, Giuseppe; Salvatore, Giuseppe; Denaro, Vincenzo. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1660-4601. - 19:24(2022). [10.3390/ijerph192416985]

Epidemiology and Management of Proximal Femoral Fractures in Italy between 2001 and 2016 in Older Adults: Analysis of the National Discharge Registry

Banfi, Giuseppe;
2022-01-01

Abstract

This study aims to determine the annual incidence of proximal femoral fractures in Italy in the period between 2001 and 2016 among older adults, and to describe the trends in the clinical management of these cases. Data were retrieved from the National Hospital Discharge records issued by the Italian Ministry of Health and from the Italian Institute for Statistics. The number of hospitalizations increased between 2001 and 2016, while the age-adjusted yearly incidence decreased from 832.2 per 100,000 individuals to 706.2. The median age was 83 years (IQR 78-88) with a large majority of females (76.6%). The type of fracture varied with age in female subjects, with older women more frequently reporting pertrochanteric fractures. Therapeutic strategies for the different types of fracture depended on patients' age. During the study years, improvements in fracture classification and management strategies were observed, with a clear decreasing trend for non-operative solutions. In conclusion, the number of proximal femur fractures in older adults is growing, even if at a lower rate compared to population aging. The Italian surgical practice changed during the study period towards the implementation of the most recent guidelines.
2022
epidemiology
fracture management
hemiarthroplasty
hip fractures
internal fixation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/151576
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