PurposeErdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare multisystem histiocytosis, whose cardiovascular involvement has not been systematically characterized so far. We aimed to systematically (qualitatively and quantitatively) describe the features of cardiovascular involvement in a large cohort of ECD patients and to evaluate its impact on myocardial fibrosis extension and cardiac function.Material and methodsAmong 54 patients with biopsy-proven ECD, 29 patients (59 +/- 12 years, 79% males) underwent 1.5-T CMR using a standardized protocol for qualitative and quantitative assessment of disease localization, evaluation of atrial and ventricular function, and assessment of non-dense and dense myocardial fibrosis.ResultsThe right atrioventricular (AV) groove was the most commonly affected cardiac site (76%) followed by the right atrial walls (63%), thoracic aorta (59%), and superior vena cava (38%). Right AV groove involvement, encasing the right ventricular artery, was associated with non-dense myocardial fibrosis in the infero-septal (20/26 patients) and the inferior (14/26 patients) mid-basal left ventricular (LV) wall. In two patients with right AV groove localization, LGE revealed myocardial infarction in the same myocardial segments. Three out of five patients with left AV groove involvement had non-dense LGE on the lateral LV mid-basal wall. Bulky right atrial pseudomass was associated with atrial dysfunction and superior and inferior vena cava stenosis.ConclusionsIn ECD patients, AV groove localization is associated with LV wall fibrosis in the downstream coronary territories, suggesting hemodynamic alterations due to coronary encasement. Conversely, atrial pseudomass ECD localizations impact on atrial contractility causing atrial dysfunction and are associated with atrio-caval junction stenosis.

Cardiovascular involvement in Erdheim-Chester diseases is associated with myocardial fibrosis and atrial dysfunction / Palmisano, Anna; Campochiaro, Corrado; Vignale, Davide; Tomelleri, Alessandro; De Luca, Giacomo; Bruno, Elisa; Monti, Caterina B; Cavalli, Giulio; Dagna, Lorenzo; Esposito, Antonio. - In: LA RADIOLOGIA MEDICA. - ISSN 0033-8362. - 128:4(2023), pp. 456-466. [10.1007/s11547-023-01616-7]

Cardiovascular involvement in Erdheim-Chester diseases is associated with myocardial fibrosis and atrial dysfunction

Palmisano, Anna
Primo
;
Campochiaro, Corrado
Secondo
;
Vignale, Davide;Tomelleri, Alessandro;De Luca, Giacomo;Bruno, Elisa;Cavalli, Giulio;Dagna, Lorenzo
Penultimo
;
Esposito, Antonio
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

PurposeErdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare multisystem histiocytosis, whose cardiovascular involvement has not been systematically characterized so far. We aimed to systematically (qualitatively and quantitatively) describe the features of cardiovascular involvement in a large cohort of ECD patients and to evaluate its impact on myocardial fibrosis extension and cardiac function.Material and methodsAmong 54 patients with biopsy-proven ECD, 29 patients (59 +/- 12 years, 79% males) underwent 1.5-T CMR using a standardized protocol for qualitative and quantitative assessment of disease localization, evaluation of atrial and ventricular function, and assessment of non-dense and dense myocardial fibrosis.ResultsThe right atrioventricular (AV) groove was the most commonly affected cardiac site (76%) followed by the right atrial walls (63%), thoracic aorta (59%), and superior vena cava (38%). Right AV groove involvement, encasing the right ventricular artery, was associated with non-dense myocardial fibrosis in the infero-septal (20/26 patients) and the inferior (14/26 patients) mid-basal left ventricular (LV) wall. In two patients with right AV groove localization, LGE revealed myocardial infarction in the same myocardial segments. Three out of five patients with left AV groove involvement had non-dense LGE on the lateral LV mid-basal wall. Bulky right atrial pseudomass was associated with atrial dysfunction and superior and inferior vena cava stenosis.ConclusionsIn ECD patients, AV groove localization is associated with LV wall fibrosis in the downstream coronary territories, suggesting hemodynamic alterations due to coronary encasement. Conversely, atrial pseudomass ECD localizations impact on atrial contractility causing atrial dysfunction and are associated with atrio-caval junction stenosis.
2023
Cardiac
Edema
Erdheim–Chester disease
Fibrosis
Magnetic resonance imaging
Myocardial infarction
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/153004
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