Objective: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an orphan disease that can lead to severe involvement of the gastrointestinal tract with a significant impact on patients' quality of life (QoL). The Mediterranean diet (MD) was consistently demonstrated to have beneficial effects on chronic diseases based on biological bases. We aimed to evaluate the adherence to the MD of Italian patients with SSc to preliminarily assess its association with gastrointestinal symptoms and other disease features, mood, and QoL. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, adherence to the MD was measured in 387 patients from four SSc Italian referral centers through the 14-item Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (14-MEDAS) questionnaire. We also registered patients' reported outcomes related to the QoL and mood. Results: Overall, an optimal adherence to MD was observed in 14.7% of patients with SSc, a moderate adherence in 71.3%, and a low adherence in 14.0%. In univariate analysis, poor adherence to the MD was associated with a more prominent depressive mood, time missed at work, and perception of more severe Raynaud's phenomenon and digital ulcers, whereas the 14-MEDAS score inversely correlated with depression score and reflux. Conclusion: In our cohort of patients with SSc, overall adherence to MD was moderate. Patients with lower adherence to MD also reported worse outcomes related to QoL and mood. Administration of the 14-MEDAS could be a reasonable choice to assess adherence to the MD in patients with SSc. Future initiatives to study the role of MD in the management of patients with SSc are warranted.

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Italian Patients With Systemic Sclerosis: An Epidemiologic Survey / Natalello, Gerlando; Bosello, Silvia Laura; Campochiaro, Corrado; Abignano, Giuseppina; De Santis, Maria; Ferlito, Arianna; Karadağ, Duygu Temiz; Padula, Angela Anna; Cavalli, Giulio; D'Agostino, Maria Antonietta; Selmi, Carlo; Matucci-Cerinic, Marco; Dagna, Lorenzo; De Luca, Giacomo. - In: ACR OPEN RHEUMATOLOGY. - ISSN 2578-5745. - (2023), pp. 1-7. [10.1002/acr2.11627]

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Italian Patients With Systemic Sclerosis: An Epidemiologic Survey

Campochiaro, Corrado;Ferlito, Arianna;Cavalli, Giulio;Dagna, Lorenzo
Penultimo
;
De Luca, Giacomo
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Objective: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an orphan disease that can lead to severe involvement of the gastrointestinal tract with a significant impact on patients' quality of life (QoL). The Mediterranean diet (MD) was consistently demonstrated to have beneficial effects on chronic diseases based on biological bases. We aimed to evaluate the adherence to the MD of Italian patients with SSc to preliminarily assess its association with gastrointestinal symptoms and other disease features, mood, and QoL. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, adherence to the MD was measured in 387 patients from four SSc Italian referral centers through the 14-item Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (14-MEDAS) questionnaire. We also registered patients' reported outcomes related to the QoL and mood. Results: Overall, an optimal adherence to MD was observed in 14.7% of patients with SSc, a moderate adherence in 71.3%, and a low adherence in 14.0%. In univariate analysis, poor adherence to the MD was associated with a more prominent depressive mood, time missed at work, and perception of more severe Raynaud's phenomenon and digital ulcers, whereas the 14-MEDAS score inversely correlated with depression score and reflux. Conclusion: In our cohort of patients with SSc, overall adherence to MD was moderate. Patients with lower adherence to MD also reported worse outcomes related to QoL and mood. Administration of the 14-MEDAS could be a reasonable choice to assess adherence to the MD in patients with SSc. Future initiatives to study the role of MD in the management of patients with SSc are warranted.
2023
systemic sclerosis
scleroderma
dietary habits
mediterranean diet
epidemiology
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/153056
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