Patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) mature T- and natural killer (NK)–cell neoplasms lack effective treatments after failure of standard therapies. This phase 2 study evaluated the efficacy and safety of the programmed cell death protein 1 inhibitor tislelizumab in these patients. Seventy-seven patients were treated with 200 mg tislelizumab every 3 weeks. Twenty-two patients with extranodal NK-/T-cell lymphomas were enrolled in cohort 1; 44 patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) were enrolled in cohort 2 (21 patients had PTCL not otherwise specified, 11 patients had angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, and 12 patients had anaplastic large-cell lymphoma). Cohort 3 comprised 11 patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, of which 8 patients had mycosis fungoides (MF) and 3 had Sézary syndrome. Of the 77 patients, 76.6% had advanced-stage disease, 51.9% had refractory disease, and 49.4% received ≥3 prior systemic regimens. Promising efficacy was observed in cohort 3 (median follow-up [FU], 16.6 months; overall response rate [ORR], 45.5%; complete response [CR], 9.1%; median duration of response [DOR], 11.3 months; median progression-free survival, 16.8 months; median overall survival, not reached). Modest efficacy was observed in cohort 1 (median FU, 8.4 months; ORR, 31.8%; CR, 18.2%; median DOR, not reached) and cohort 2 (median FU, 9.3 months; ORR, 20.5%; CR, 9.1%; median DOR, 8.2 months). Most treatment-related adverse events were grade 1 or 2, and the safety profile was consistent with the known safety profile of tislelizumab. In conclusion, tislelizumab was well tolerated, achieving modest efficacy in R/R mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms, with some long-lasting remissions.

Treating relapsed/refractory mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms with tislelizumab: a multicenter open-label phase 2 study / Bachy, E.; Savage, K. J.; Huang, H.; Kwong, Y. -L.; Gritti, G.; Zhang, Q.; Liberati, A. M.; Cao, J.; Yang, H.; Hao, S.; Hu, J.; Zhou, K.; Petrini, M.; Russo, F.; Zhang, H.; Sang, W.; Ji, J.; Ferreri, A. J. M.; Damaj, G. L.; Liu, H.; Zhang, W.; Ke, X.; Ghiggi, C.; Huang, S.; Li, X.; Yao, H.; Paik, J.; Novotny, W.; Zhou, W.; Zhu, H.; Zinzani, P. L.. - In: BLOOD ADVANCES. - ISSN 2473-9529. - 7:16(2023), pp. 4435-4447. [10.1182/bloodadvances.2022009575]

Treating relapsed/refractory mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms with tislelizumab: a multicenter open-label phase 2 study

Ferreri A. J. M.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) mature T- and natural killer (NK)–cell neoplasms lack effective treatments after failure of standard therapies. This phase 2 study evaluated the efficacy and safety of the programmed cell death protein 1 inhibitor tislelizumab in these patients. Seventy-seven patients were treated with 200 mg tislelizumab every 3 weeks. Twenty-two patients with extranodal NK-/T-cell lymphomas were enrolled in cohort 1; 44 patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) were enrolled in cohort 2 (21 patients had PTCL not otherwise specified, 11 patients had angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, and 12 patients had anaplastic large-cell lymphoma). Cohort 3 comprised 11 patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, of which 8 patients had mycosis fungoides (MF) and 3 had Sézary syndrome. Of the 77 patients, 76.6% had advanced-stage disease, 51.9% had refractory disease, and 49.4% received ≥3 prior systemic regimens. Promising efficacy was observed in cohort 3 (median follow-up [FU], 16.6 months; overall response rate [ORR], 45.5%; complete response [CR], 9.1%; median duration of response [DOR], 11.3 months; median progression-free survival, 16.8 months; median overall survival, not reached). Modest efficacy was observed in cohort 1 (median FU, 8.4 months; ORR, 31.8%; CR, 18.2%; median DOR, not reached) and cohort 2 (median FU, 9.3 months; ORR, 20.5%; CR, 9.1%; median DOR, 8.2 months). Most treatment-related adverse events were grade 1 or 2, and the safety profile was consistent with the known safety profile of tislelizumab. In conclusion, tislelizumab was well tolerated, achieving modest efficacy in R/R mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms, with some long-lasting remissions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/153119
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