Introduction: Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of the central nervous system (PCNSL) represents a relevant challenge in onco-hematology. PCNSL has specific molecular profile and biological characteristics that distinguish it from systemic DLBCL. Several translational studies have allowed for significant improvement in the knowledge about its genomic and molecular profile. High-dose-methotrexate-based chemotherapy followed whole-brain irradiation or autologous stem cell transplantation is the most commonly used therapeutic approach in PCNSL patients. Areas covered: This work provides an overview of the new biomarkers of PCNSL, focusing on their potential diagnostic, predictive and prognostic role. Publications in English language, peer-reviewed, high-quality international journals, were identified on PubMed. Expert opinion: Early diagnosis, a better antitumor response definition and recognition of new effective treatments are important research fields aiming to improve PCNSL outcome and management. The acquisition of new molecular and genomic knowledge in PCNSL has allowed for the attainment of promising diagnostic and prognostic tools as well as the development of clinical trials with new therapeutic approaches beyond chemotherapy agents, which have demonstrated activity in refractory/relapsed PCNSL and deserve to be investigated in first-line therapy.
Implications of recent molecular achievements in early diagnosis and precision treatments for primary CNS lymphoma / Calimeri, T.; Steffanoni, S.; Foppoli, M.; Ponzoni, M.; Ferreri, A. J. M.. - In: EXPERT OPINION ON THERAPEUTIC TARGETS. - ISSN 1472-8222. - 25:9(2021), pp. 749-760. [10.1080/14728222.2021.1988927]