Abstract OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a systemic autoimmune disease with high morbidity and significant mortality. There is a great need of predictors that would allow risk stratification of patients with SSc and ultimately initiation of treatment early enough to ensure optimal clinical results. In this study, we evaluated whether a history of digital ulcers (HDU) at presentation may be a predictor of vascular outcomes and of overall clinical worsening and death in patients with SSc. METHODS: Patients from the EULAR Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) database, satisfying at inclusion the 1980 American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for SSc, who had a follow-up of at least 3 years since baseline or who have died, were included in the analysis. HDU at presentation as a predictor of disease worsening or death was evaluated by Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. RESULTS: 3196 patients matched the inclusion criteria (male sex 13.2%, 33.4% diffuse subset). At presentation, 1092/3196 patients had an HDU (34.1%). In multivariable analysis adjusting for age, gender and all parameters considered potentially significant, HDU was predictive for the presence of active digital ulcers (DUs) at prospective visits (HR (95% CI)): 2.41 (1.91 to 3.03), p<0.001, for an elevated systolic pulmonary arterial pressure on heart ultrasound (US-PAPs):1.36 (1.03 to 1.80), p=0.032, for any cardiovascular event (new DUs, elevated US-PAPs or LV failure): 3.56 (2.26 to 5.62), p<0.001, and for death (1.53 (1.16 to 2.02), p=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with SSc, HDU at presentation predicts the occurrence of DUs at follow-up and is associated with cardiovascular worsening and decreased survival.

Digital ulcers predict a worse disease course in patients with systemic sclerosis / Mihai, Carina; Landewé, Robert; Van Der Heijde, Désirée; Walker, Ulrich A.; Constantin, Paul I.; Gherghe, Ana Maria; Ionescu, Ruxandra; Rednic, Simona; Allanore, Yannick; Avouac, Jéroˆme; Czirják, László; Hachulla, Eric; Riemekasten, Gabriela; Cozzi, Franco; Airò, Paolo; Cutolo, Maurizio; Mueller Ladner, Ulf; MATUCCI CERINIC, Marco; Launay, David; Dobrota, Rucsandra; Sfrent Cornateanu, Roxana; Zingarelli, Stefania; Pigatto, Erika; Cuomo, Giovanna; Caramaschi, Paola; Ananieva, Lidia; Ullman, Susanne; Iversen, Line; Gurman, Alexandra Balbir; Braun Moscovici, Yolanda; Carreira, Patricia E.; Joven, Beatriz E.; Minier, Tünde; Guiducci, Serena; BELLANDO RANDONE, Silvia; Pellerito, Raffaele; Hunzelmann, Nicolas; Tarner, Ingo H.; Radominski, Sebastião Cezar; De Souza Müller, Carolina; Iannone, Florenzo; Henes, Jörg; Bancel, Dominique Farge; Damjanov, Nemanja; Ostojic, Predrag; Pozzi, Maria Rosa; Hesselstrand, Roger; Denton, Christopher; Krasowska, Dorota; Tikly, Mohammed; Riccieri, Valeria; Cantatore, Francesco Paolo; Corrado, Ada; Da Silva, José Antonio Pereira; Salvador, Maria João; Tyndall, Alan; Gabrielli, Armando; Distler, Oliver; Jordan, Suzan; Heitmann, Stefan; Burkhardt, Harald; Himsel, Andrea; Rozman, Blaz; Smith, Vanessa; Keyser, Filip De; Kalitena, Dusanka Martinovic; Radic, Mislav; Filipescu, Ileana; Petcu, Ana; Vlachoyiannopoulos, Panayiotis; Kucharz, Eugene J.; Widuchowska, Malgorzata; Kopec Medrek, Magdalena; Kotulska, Anna; Szücs, Gabriella; Stankovic, Aleksandra; Stamenkovic, Bojana; Selmi, Carlo Francesco; Santis, Maria De; Marasini, Bianca; Coleiro, Bernard; Santamaria, Vera Ortiz; Westhovens, René; Becvár, Radim; Novak, Srdan; Engelhart, Merete; Meroni, Pierluigi; Ingegnoli, Francesca; Zeni, Silvana; Sulli, Alberto; Distler, Jörg; Yavuz, Sule; Montecucco, Carlomaurizio; Eyerich, Kilian; Krummel Lorenz, Brigitte; Zenone, Thierry; Midtvedt, Øyvind; Chizzolini, Carlo; Seidel, Matthias; Oleszowsky, Mara; Üprus, Maria; Opriş, Daniela; Groseanu, Laura; Bielecka, Otylia Kowal; Antonio, Zea Mendoza; Szechinski, Jacek; Morovic Vergles, Jadranka; Scorza, Raffaella; Puppo, Francesco; Mathieu, Alessandro; Anic, Branimir; Stork, Jiri; Stebbings, Simon; Inanc, Murat; Hasler, Paul; Von Mühlen, Carlos Alberto; Aringer, Martin; Popa, Sergei; Li, Mengtao; Rosato, Edoardo. - In: ANNALS OF THE RHEUMATIC DISEASES. - ISSN 0003-4967. - 75:(2016), pp. 681-686. [10.1136/annrheumdis-2014-205897]

Digital ulcers predict a worse disease course in patients with systemic sclerosis

MATUCCI CERINIC, MARCO;
2016-01-01

Abstract

Abstract OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a systemic autoimmune disease with high morbidity and significant mortality. There is a great need of predictors that would allow risk stratification of patients with SSc and ultimately initiation of treatment early enough to ensure optimal clinical results. In this study, we evaluated whether a history of digital ulcers (HDU) at presentation may be a predictor of vascular outcomes and of overall clinical worsening and death in patients with SSc. METHODS: Patients from the EULAR Scleroderma Trials and Research (EUSTAR) database, satisfying at inclusion the 1980 American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for SSc, who had a follow-up of at least 3 years since baseline or who have died, were included in the analysis. HDU at presentation as a predictor of disease worsening or death was evaluated by Cox proportional hazards regression analysis. RESULTS: 3196 patients matched the inclusion criteria (male sex 13.2%, 33.4% diffuse subset). At presentation, 1092/3196 patients had an HDU (34.1%). In multivariable analysis adjusting for age, gender and all parameters considered potentially significant, HDU was predictive for the presence of active digital ulcers (DUs) at prospective visits (HR (95% CI)): 2.41 (1.91 to 3.03), p<0.001, for an elevated systolic pulmonary arterial pressure on heart ultrasound (US-PAPs):1.36 (1.03 to 1.80), p=0.032, for any cardiovascular event (new DUs, elevated US-PAPs or LV failure): 3.56 (2.26 to 5.62), p<0.001, and for death (1.53 (1.16 to 2.02), p=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with SSc, HDU at presentation predicts the occurrence of DUs at follow-up and is associated with cardiovascular worsening and decreased survival.
2016
Cardiovascular Disease
Epidemiology
Systemic Sclerosis
Adult
Aged
Cardiovascular Diseases
Databases
Factual
Disease Progression
Female
Hand Dermatoses
Humans
Hypertension
Pulmonary
Kidney Diseases
Lung Diseases
Male
Middle Aged
Multivariate Analysis
Prognosis
Proportional Hazards Models
Pulmonary Diffusing Capacity
Retrospective Studies
Scleroderma
Systemic
Skin Ulcer
Stroke Volume
Vital Capacity
Fingers
Immunology and Allergy
Rheumatology
Immunology
Medicine (all)
Biochemistry
Genetics and Molecular Biology (all)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/154325
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