BACKGROUND: In systemic sclerosis (SSc), digital ulcers (DU) are painful, difficult to heal and frequently infected, thus greatly affecting quality of life and increasing SSc-related disability. Vitamin E has been previously used in cutaneous lesions for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. OBJECTIVES: To study the healing effect of D-alpha-tocopheryl acetate (acetic ester of alpha-tocopherol) (VE) gel on DU of SSc patients. METHODS: 27 SSc patients with a total of 86 DU were enrolled in an open pilot study. The patients were randomly assigned to two groups: 15 patients were treated until DU healing with the local standard ulcer care protocol with the application of vitamin E gel (experimental group), while 12 patients were treated with standard ulcer care protocol only (control group). In both groups, DU were treated twice a week and pain was scored by a NRS (numeric rating scale). In both groups the cost of medications was analysed. RESULTS: VE induced a faster healing of DU in respect to controls (13.22+/-2.72 weeks, versus 20.94+/-3.65; p<0.0001) with a lower number of medications (26.18+/-5.63 vs. 41.88+/-7.31; p<0.0001). Resolution of pain was faster in experimental (17.82+/-4,59 medications) than in controls (26.26+/-19.16 medications) (p=0.0022). In the experimental group, the cost of medications was significantly lower (6,919.15 euros/patient) than in the control group (11,056.32 euros/patient). CONCLUSION: The application of VE reduces time of healing and has a faster resolution of pain, with a significant reduction of costs. Topical VE may improve the management of DU in SSc.

Vitamin E gel reduces time of healing of digital ulcers in systemic sclerosis / Fiori, Ginevra; Galluccio, F; Braschi, F; Amanzi, L; Miniati, I; Conforti, Ml; DEL ROSSO, Angela; Generini, S; Candelieri, A; Magonio, A; Goretti, R; Rasero, Laura; MATUCCI CERINIC, Marco. - In: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RHEUMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0392-856X. - 27(3 Suppl):(2009), pp. 51-54.

Vitamin E gel reduces time of healing of digital ulcers in systemic sclerosis

MATUCCI CERINIC, MARCO
2009-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In systemic sclerosis (SSc), digital ulcers (DU) are painful, difficult to heal and frequently infected, thus greatly affecting quality of life and increasing SSc-related disability. Vitamin E has been previously used in cutaneous lesions for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. OBJECTIVES: To study the healing effect of D-alpha-tocopheryl acetate (acetic ester of alpha-tocopherol) (VE) gel on DU of SSc patients. METHODS: 27 SSc patients with a total of 86 DU were enrolled in an open pilot study. The patients were randomly assigned to two groups: 15 patients were treated until DU healing with the local standard ulcer care protocol with the application of vitamin E gel (experimental group), while 12 patients were treated with standard ulcer care protocol only (control group). In both groups, DU were treated twice a week and pain was scored by a NRS (numeric rating scale). In both groups the cost of medications was analysed. RESULTS: VE induced a faster healing of DU in respect to controls (13.22+/-2.72 weeks, versus 20.94+/-3.65; p<0.0001) with a lower number of medications (26.18+/-5.63 vs. 41.88+/-7.31; p<0.0001). Resolution of pain was faster in experimental (17.82+/-4,59 medications) than in controls (26.26+/-19.16 medications) (p=0.0022). In the experimental group, the cost of medications was significantly lower (6,919.15 euros/patient) than in the control group (11,056.32 euros/patient). CONCLUSION: The application of VE reduces time of healing and has a faster resolution of pain, with a significant reduction of costs. Topical VE may improve the management of DU in SSc.
2009
digital ulcers in Systemic sclerosis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/154634
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