Background. We quantified the spontaneous imaging growth rate of oligodendrogliomas. We assessed whether (i) it discriminates between World Health Organization (WHO) grade II and grade III oligodendrogliomas, and (ii) grade III oligodendrogliomas with neo-angiogenesis are associated with more fast growth rates (>= 8 mm/y).Methods. This work employed a retrospective bicentric cohort study (2010-2016) of adult patients harboring a newly diagnosed supratentorial oligodendroglioma, isocitrate dehydrogenase (/DH) mutant and 1p/19q codeleted (WHO 2016 classification), with a minimum of 2 available MRIs before any treatment (minimum 6-week interval) to measure the spontaneous tumor growth rate.Results. We included 108 patients (age 44.7 +/- 14.1 y, 60 males). The tumor growth rate was higher in grade Ill oligodendrogliomas with neo-angiogenesis (n = 37, median 10.4 mm/y, mean 10.0 +/- 6.9) than in grade Ill oligodendrogliomas with increased mitosis count only (cutoff >= 6 mitoses, n = 18, median 3.9 mm/y, mean 4.5 +/- 3.2; P= 0.004), and higher than in grade II oligodendrogliomas (n = 53, median 2.3 mm/y, mean 2.8 +/- 2.2; P< 0.001). There was increased prevalence of fast tumor growth rates in grade Ill oligodendrogliomas with neo-angiogenesis (54.1%) compared with grade Ill oligodendrogliomas with increased mitosis count only (11.1%; P< 0.001), and in grade II oligodendrogliomas (0.0%; P < 0.001). The tumor growth rate trends did not differ between centers (P= 0.121). Neo-angiogenesis (P< 0.001) and mitosis count at >= 9 (P= 0.013) were independently associated with tumor growth rates >= 8 mm/year. A tumor growth rate _a mm/year was the only predictor independently associated with shorter progression-free survival (P= 0.041).Conclusions. The spontaneous tumor growth rate recapitulates oligodendroglioma aggressiveness, permits identification of grade III oligodendrogliomas preoperatively when >= 8 mm/year, and questions the grading by mitosis count.

Imaging growth as a predictor of grade of malignancy and aggressiveness of IDH-mutant and 1p/19q-codeleted oligodendrogliomas in adults / Roux, Alexandre; Tauziede-Espariat, Arnault; Zanello, Marc; Peeters, Sophie; Zah-Bi, Gilles; Parraga, Eduardo; Edjlali, Myriam; Lechapt, Emmanuèle; Shor, Natalia; Bellu, Luisa; Berzero, Giulia; Dormont, Didier; Dezamis, Edouard; Chretien, Fabrice; Oppenheim, Catherine; Sanson, Marc; Varlet, Pascale; Capelle, Laurent; Dhermain, Frédéric; Pallud, Johan. - In: NEURO-ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1522-8517. - 22:7(2020), pp. 993-1005. [10.1093/neuonc/noaa022]

Imaging growth as a predictor of grade of malignancy and aggressiveness of IDH-mutant and 1p/19q-codeleted oligodendrogliomas in adults

Berzero, Giulia;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Background. We quantified the spontaneous imaging growth rate of oligodendrogliomas. We assessed whether (i) it discriminates between World Health Organization (WHO) grade II and grade III oligodendrogliomas, and (ii) grade III oligodendrogliomas with neo-angiogenesis are associated with more fast growth rates (>= 8 mm/y).Methods. This work employed a retrospective bicentric cohort study (2010-2016) of adult patients harboring a newly diagnosed supratentorial oligodendroglioma, isocitrate dehydrogenase (/DH) mutant and 1p/19q codeleted (WHO 2016 classification), with a minimum of 2 available MRIs before any treatment (minimum 6-week interval) to measure the spontaneous tumor growth rate.Results. We included 108 patients (age 44.7 +/- 14.1 y, 60 males). The tumor growth rate was higher in grade Ill oligodendrogliomas with neo-angiogenesis (n = 37, median 10.4 mm/y, mean 10.0 +/- 6.9) than in grade Ill oligodendrogliomas with increased mitosis count only (cutoff >= 6 mitoses, n = 18, median 3.9 mm/y, mean 4.5 +/- 3.2; P= 0.004), and higher than in grade II oligodendrogliomas (n = 53, median 2.3 mm/y, mean 2.8 +/- 2.2; P< 0.001). There was increased prevalence of fast tumor growth rates in grade Ill oligodendrogliomas with neo-angiogenesis (54.1%) compared with grade Ill oligodendrogliomas with increased mitosis count only (11.1%; P< 0.001), and in grade II oligodendrogliomas (0.0%; P < 0.001). The tumor growth rate trends did not differ between centers (P= 0.121). Neo-angiogenesis (P< 0.001) and mitosis count at >= 9 (P= 0.013) were independently associated with tumor growth rates >= 8 mm/year. A tumor growth rate _a mm/year was the only predictor independently associated with shorter progression-free survival (P= 0.041).Conclusions. The spontaneous tumor growth rate recapitulates oligodendroglioma aggressiveness, permits identification of grade III oligodendrogliomas preoperatively when >= 8 mm/year, and questions the grading by mitosis count.
2020
IDH-mutant
1p/19q codeletion
imaging growth rate
oligodendroglioma
velocity index
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/155236
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