Background: Dermoscopic and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) correlations between morphologic groups of melanoma have not yet been described. Objective: Describe and compare dermoscopic and RCM features of cutaneous melanomas with histopathological confirmation. Methods: Single center, retrospective analysis of consecutive melanomas evaluated with RCM (2015-2019). Lesions were clinically classified as typical, nevus-like, amelanotic/nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC)-like, seborrheic keratosis (SK)-like and lentigo/lentigo maligna (LM)-like. Presence or absence of common facial and nonfacial melanoma dermoscopic and RCM patterns were recorded. Clusters were compared with typical lesions by multivariate logistic regression. Results: Among 583 melanoma lesions, significant differences between clusters were evident (compared to typical lesions). Observation of dermoscopic features (>50% of lesions) in amelanotic/NMSC-like lesions consistently displayed 3 patterns (atypical network, atypical vascular pattern + regression structures), and nevus-like and SK-like lesions and lentigo/LM-like lesions consistently displayed 2 patterns (atypical network + regression structures, and nonevident follicles + heavy pigmentation intensity). Differences were less evident with RCM, as almost all lesions were consistent with melanoma diagnosis. Limitations: Small SK-like lesions sample, single RCM analyses (no reproduction of outcome). Conclusion: RCM has the potential to augment our ability to consistently and accurately diagnose melanoma independently of clinical and dermoscopic features.

Melanoma clinicopathological groups characterized and compared with dermoscopy and reflectance confocal microscopy / Faldetta, C.; Kaleci, S.; Chester, J.; Ruini, C.; Ciardo, S.; Manfredini, M.; Guida, S.; Chello, C.; Cantisani, C.; Young, J. N.; Cabral, P.; Gulati, N.; Guttman-Yassky, E.; Pellacani, G.; Farnetani, F.. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF DERMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0190-9622. - 90:2(2023), pp. 309-318. [10.1016/j.jaad.2023.09.084]

Melanoma clinicopathological groups characterized and compared with dermoscopy and reflectance confocal microscopy

Guida S.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background: Dermoscopic and reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) correlations between morphologic groups of melanoma have not yet been described. Objective: Describe and compare dermoscopic and RCM features of cutaneous melanomas with histopathological confirmation. Methods: Single center, retrospective analysis of consecutive melanomas evaluated with RCM (2015-2019). Lesions were clinically classified as typical, nevus-like, amelanotic/nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC)-like, seborrheic keratosis (SK)-like and lentigo/lentigo maligna (LM)-like. Presence or absence of common facial and nonfacial melanoma dermoscopic and RCM patterns were recorded. Clusters were compared with typical lesions by multivariate logistic regression. Results: Among 583 melanoma lesions, significant differences between clusters were evident (compared to typical lesions). Observation of dermoscopic features (>50% of lesions) in amelanotic/NMSC-like lesions consistently displayed 3 patterns (atypical network, atypical vascular pattern + regression structures), and nevus-like and SK-like lesions and lentigo/LM-like lesions consistently displayed 2 patterns (atypical network + regression structures, and nonevident follicles + heavy pigmentation intensity). Differences were less evident with RCM, as almost all lesions were consistent with melanoma diagnosis. Limitations: Small SK-like lesions sample, single RCM analyses (no reproduction of outcome). Conclusion: RCM has the potential to augment our ability to consistently and accurately diagnose melanoma independently of clinical and dermoscopic features.
2023
dermoscopy
histology
histopathology
melanoma
melanoma features
RCM
reflectance confocal microscopy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/155689
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