Context The diagnostic accuracy of current imaging techniques in differentiating benign from malignant neoplasms in the case of indeterminate renal masses is still suboptimal. Objective To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of 99mTc-sestamibi (SestaMIBI) single-photon emission tomography computed tomography (SPECT)/CT in characterizing indeterminate renal masses by differentiating renal oncocytoma and hybrid oncocytic/chromophobe tumor (HOCT) from (1) all other renal lesions and (2) all malignant renal lesions. Secondary outcomes were: (1) benign versus malignant; (2) renal oncocytoma and HOCT versus clear cell (ccRCC) and papillary (pRCC) renal cell carcinoma; and (3) renal oncocytoma and HOCT versus chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (chRCC). Evidence acquisition A literature search was conducted up to November 2022 using the PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and Web of Science databases. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed to identify eligible studies. Studies included were prospective and retrospective cross-sectional studies in which SestaMIBI SPECT/CT findings were compared to histology after renal mass biopsy or surgery. Evidence synthesis Overall, eight studies involving 489 patients with 501 renal masses met our inclusion criteria. The sensitivity and specificity of SestaMIBI SPECT/CT for renal oncocytoma and HOCT versus all other renal lesions were 89% (95% confidence interval [CI] 70–97%) and 89% (95% CI 86–92%), respectively. Notably, for renal oncocytoma and HOCT versus ccRCC and pRCC, SestaMIBI SPECT/CT showed specificity of 98% (95% CI 91–100%) and similar sensitivity. Owing to the relatively high risk of bias and the presence of heterogeneity among the studies included, the level of evidence is still low. Conclusions SestaMIBI SPECT/CT has good sensitivity and specificity in differentiating renal oncocytoma and HOCT from all other renal lesions, and in particular from those with more aggressive oncological behavior. Although these results are promising, further studies are needed to support the use of SestaMIBI SPECT/CT outside research trials. Patient summary A scan method called SestaMIBI SPECT/CT has promise for diagnosing whether kidney tumors are malignant or not. However, it should still be limited to research trials because the level of evidence from our review is low.

The Role of 99mTc-Sestamibi Single-photon Emission Computed Tomography/Computed Tomography in the Diagnostic Pathway for Renal Masses: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis / Basile, Giuseppe; Fallara, Giuseppe; Verri, Paolo; Uleri, Alessandro; Chiti, Arturo; Gianolli, Luigi; Pepe, Gino; Tedde, Alessandro; Algaba, Ferran; Territo, Angelo; Sanguedolce, Francesco; Larcher, Alessandro; Gallioli, Andrea; Palou, Joan; Montorsi, Francesco; Capitanio, Umberto; Breda, Alberto. - In: EUROPEAN UROLOGY OPEN SCIENCE. - ISSN 2666-1691. - 85:1(2024), pp. 63-71. [10.1016/j.eururo.2023.07.013]

The Role of 99mTc-Sestamibi Single-photon Emission Computed Tomography/Computed Tomography in the Diagnostic Pathway for Renal Masses: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Giuseppe Basile
Primo
;
Giuseppe Fallara
Secondo
;
Arturo Chiti;Alessandro Larcher;Francesco Montorsi;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Context The diagnostic accuracy of current imaging techniques in differentiating benign from malignant neoplasms in the case of indeterminate renal masses is still suboptimal. Objective To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of 99mTc-sestamibi (SestaMIBI) single-photon emission tomography computed tomography (SPECT)/CT in characterizing indeterminate renal masses by differentiating renal oncocytoma and hybrid oncocytic/chromophobe tumor (HOCT) from (1) all other renal lesions and (2) all malignant renal lesions. Secondary outcomes were: (1) benign versus malignant; (2) renal oncocytoma and HOCT versus clear cell (ccRCC) and papillary (pRCC) renal cell carcinoma; and (3) renal oncocytoma and HOCT versus chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (chRCC). Evidence acquisition A literature search was conducted up to November 2022 using the PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and Web of Science databases. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed to identify eligible studies. Studies included were prospective and retrospective cross-sectional studies in which SestaMIBI SPECT/CT findings were compared to histology after renal mass biopsy or surgery. Evidence synthesis Overall, eight studies involving 489 patients with 501 renal masses met our inclusion criteria. The sensitivity and specificity of SestaMIBI SPECT/CT for renal oncocytoma and HOCT versus all other renal lesions were 89% (95% confidence interval [CI] 70–97%) and 89% (95% CI 86–92%), respectively. Notably, for renal oncocytoma and HOCT versus ccRCC and pRCC, SestaMIBI SPECT/CT showed specificity of 98% (95% CI 91–100%) and similar sensitivity. Owing to the relatively high risk of bias and the presence of heterogeneity among the studies included, the level of evidence is still low. Conclusions SestaMIBI SPECT/CT has good sensitivity and specificity in differentiating renal oncocytoma and HOCT from all other renal lesions, and in particular from those with more aggressive oncological behavior. Although these results are promising, further studies are needed to support the use of SestaMIBI SPECT/CT outside research trials. Patient summary A scan method called SestaMIBI SPECT/CT has promise for diagnosing whether kidney tumors are malignant or not. However, it should still be limited to research trials because the level of evidence from our review is low.
2024
Computed tomography; Diagnostic accuracy; Imaging; Renal mass; Sestamibi; Single-photon emission computed tomography.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/155937
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