Circadian rhythm disruption is a core symptom of bipolar disorder (BD), also reflected in altered patterns of melatonin release. Reductions of grey matter (GM) volumes are well documented in BD. We hypothesized that levels and timing of melatonin secretion in bipolar depression could be associated with depressive psychopathology and brain GM integrity. The onset of melatonin secretion under dim light conditions (DLMO) and the amount of time between DLMO and midsleep (i.e. phase angle difference; PAD) were used as circadian rhythm markers. To study the time course of melatonin secretion, an exponential curve fitting the melatonin values was calculated, and the slope coefficients (SLP) were obtained for each participant. Significant differences were found between HC and BD in PAD measures and melatonin profiles. Correlations between PAD and depressive psychopathology were identified. Melatonin secretion patterns were found to be associated with GM volumes in the Striatum and Supramarginal Gyrus in BD. Our findings emphasized the role of melatonin secretion role as a biological marker of circadian synchronization in bipolar depression and provided a novel insight for a link between melatonin release and brain structure.

Melatonin secretion patterns are associated with cognitive vulnerability and brain structure in bipolar depression / Melloni, E. M. T.; Paolini, M.; Dallaspezia, S.; Lorenzi, C.; Poletti, S.; D'Orsi, G.; Yoshiike, T.; Zanardi, R.; Colombo, C.; Benedetti, F.. - In: CHRONOBIOLOGY INTERNATIONAL. - ISSN 0742-0528. - 40:9(2023), pp. 1279-1290. [10.1080/07420528.2023.2262572]

Melatonin secretion patterns are associated with cognitive vulnerability and brain structure in bipolar depression

Melloni E. M. T.
Primo
;
Paolini M.
Secondo
;
Poletti S.;Colombo C.
Penultimo
;
Benedetti F.
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Circadian rhythm disruption is a core symptom of bipolar disorder (BD), also reflected in altered patterns of melatonin release. Reductions of grey matter (GM) volumes are well documented in BD. We hypothesized that levels and timing of melatonin secretion in bipolar depression could be associated with depressive psychopathology and brain GM integrity. The onset of melatonin secretion under dim light conditions (DLMO) and the amount of time between DLMO and midsleep (i.e. phase angle difference; PAD) were used as circadian rhythm markers. To study the time course of melatonin secretion, an exponential curve fitting the melatonin values was calculated, and the slope coefficients (SLP) were obtained for each participant. Significant differences were found between HC and BD in PAD measures and melatonin profiles. Correlations between PAD and depressive psychopathology were identified. Melatonin secretion patterns were found to be associated with GM volumes in the Striatum and Supramarginal Gyrus in BD. Our findings emphasized the role of melatonin secretion role as a biological marker of circadian synchronization in bipolar depression and provided a novel insight for a link between melatonin release and brain structure.
2023
bipolar disorder
circadian markers
depressive symptoms
DLMO
gray matter
Melatonin
PAD
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/156158
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