Patients with bipolar disorder (BD) show higher immuno-inflammatory setpoints, with in vivo alterations in white matter (WM) microstructure and post-mortem infiltration of T cells in the brain. Cytotoxic CD8+ T cells can enter and damage the brain in inflammatory disorders, but little is known in BD. Our study aimed to investigate the relationship between cytotoxic T cells and WM alterations in BD. In a sample of 83 inpatients with BD in an active phase of illness (68 depressive, 15 manic), we performed flow cytometry immunophenotyping to investigate frequencies, activation status, and expression of cytotoxic markers in CD8+ and tested for their association with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measures of WM microstructure. Frequencies of naïve and activated CD8+ cell populations expressing Perforin, or both Perforin and Granzyme, negatively associated with WM microstructure. CD8+ Naïve cells negative for Granzyme and Perforin positively associates with indexes of WM integrity, while the frequency of CD8+ memory cells negatively associates with index of WM microstructure, irrespective of toxins expression. The resulting associations involve measures representative of orientational coherence and myelination of the fibers (FA and RD), suggesting disrupted oligodendrocyte-mediated myelination. These findings seems to support the hypothesis that immunosenescence (less naïve, more memory T cells) can detrimentally influence WM microstructure in BD and that peripheral CD8+ T cells may participate in inducing an immune-related WM damage in BD mediated by killer proteins.

Circulating cytotoxic immune cell composition, activation status and toxins expression associate with white matter microstructure in bipolar disorder / Aggio, V.; Fabbella, L.; Poletti, S.; Lorenzi, C.; Finardi, A.; Colombo, C.; Zanardi, R.; Furlan, R.; Benedetti, F.. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 13:1(2023). [10.1038/s41598-023-49146-6]

Circulating cytotoxic immune cell composition, activation status and toxins expression associate with white matter microstructure in bipolar disorder

Aggio V.
Primo
;
Poletti S.;Colombo C.;Furlan R.
Penultimo
;
Benedetti F.
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Patients with bipolar disorder (BD) show higher immuno-inflammatory setpoints, with in vivo alterations in white matter (WM) microstructure and post-mortem infiltration of T cells in the brain. Cytotoxic CD8+ T cells can enter and damage the brain in inflammatory disorders, but little is known in BD. Our study aimed to investigate the relationship between cytotoxic T cells and WM alterations in BD. In a sample of 83 inpatients with BD in an active phase of illness (68 depressive, 15 manic), we performed flow cytometry immunophenotyping to investigate frequencies, activation status, and expression of cytotoxic markers in CD8+ and tested for their association with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measures of WM microstructure. Frequencies of naïve and activated CD8+ cell populations expressing Perforin, or both Perforin and Granzyme, negatively associated with WM microstructure. CD8+ Naïve cells negative for Granzyme and Perforin positively associates with indexes of WM integrity, while the frequency of CD8+ memory cells negatively associates with index of WM microstructure, irrespective of toxins expression. The resulting associations involve measures representative of orientational coherence and myelination of the fibers (FA and RD), suggesting disrupted oligodendrocyte-mediated myelination. These findings seems to support the hypothesis that immunosenescence (less naïve, more memory T cells) can detrimentally influence WM microstructure in BD and that peripheral CD8+ T cells may participate in inducing an immune-related WM damage in BD mediated by killer proteins.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/156161
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