One option for using organs from donors with a suboptimal nephron mass, e.g. expanded criteria donors (ECD) kidneys, is dual kidney transplantation (DKT). In adult recipients, DKT can be carried out by several techniques, but the unilateral placement of both kidneys (UDKT) offers the advantages of single surgical access and shorter operating time. One hundred UDKT were performed using kidneys from ECD donors with a mean age of 72 years (Group 1). The technique consists of transplanting both kidneys extraperitoneally in the same iliac fossa. The results were compared with a cohort of single kidney transplants (SKT) performed with the same selection criteria in the same study period (Group 2, n = 73). Ninety-five percent of UDKTs were positioned in the right iliac fossa, lengthening the right renal vein with an inferior vena cava patch. In 69% of cases, all anastomoses were to the external iliac vessels end-to-side. Surgical complications were comparable in both groups. At 3-year follow-up, patient and graft survival rates were 95.6 and 90.9% in Group 1, respectively. UDKT can be carried out with comparable surgical complication rates as SKT, leaving the contralateral iliac fossa untouched and giving elderly recipients a better chance of receiving a transplant, with optimal results up to 3-years follow-up.

Technical Aspects of Unilateral Dual Kidney Transplantation from Expanded Criteria Donors: Experience of 100 Patients / Ekser, B; Furian, Lucrezia; Broggiato, A; Silvestre, C; Pierobon, ELISA SEFORA; Baldan, N; Rigotti, Paolo. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF TRANSPLANTATION. - ISSN 1600-6135. - 10:9(2010), pp. 2000-2007. [10.1111/j.1600-6143.2010.03188.x]

Technical Aspects of Unilateral Dual Kidney Transplantation from Expanded Criteria Donors: Experience of 100 Patients

RIGOTTI, PAOLO
2010-01-01

Abstract

One option for using organs from donors with a suboptimal nephron mass, e.g. expanded criteria donors (ECD) kidneys, is dual kidney transplantation (DKT). In adult recipients, DKT can be carried out by several techniques, but the unilateral placement of both kidneys (UDKT) offers the advantages of single surgical access and shorter operating time. One hundred UDKT were performed using kidneys from ECD donors with a mean age of 72 years (Group 1). The technique consists of transplanting both kidneys extraperitoneally in the same iliac fossa. The results were compared with a cohort of single kidney transplants (SKT) performed with the same selection criteria in the same study period (Group 2, n = 73). Ninety-five percent of UDKTs were positioned in the right iliac fossa, lengthening the right renal vein with an inferior vena cava patch. In 69% of cases, all anastomoses were to the external iliac vessels end-to-side. Surgical complications were comparable in both groups. At 3-year follow-up, patient and graft survival rates were 95.6 and 90.9% in Group 1, respectively. UDKT can be carried out with comparable surgical complication rates as SKT, leaving the contralateral iliac fossa untouched and giving elderly recipients a better chance of receiving a transplant, with optimal results up to 3-years follow-up.
2010
Dual kidney transplantation
expanded criteria donors
marginal donors
older donors
surgical technique
unilateral
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/156993
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