Background: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is usually diagnosed by clinical and dermatoscopy examination, but diagnostic accuracy may be suboptimal. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) imaging increases skin cancer diagnostic accuracy. Objective: To evaluate additional benefit in diagnostic accuracy of handheld RCM in a prospective controlled clinical setting. Methods: A prospective, multicenter study in 3 skin cancer reference centers in Italy enrolling consecutive lesions with clinical-dermatoscopic suspicion of BCC (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04789421). Results: A total of 1005 lesions were included, of which 474 histopathologically confirmed versus 531 diagnosed by clinical-dermatoscopic-RCM correlation, confirmed with 2 years of follow-up. Specifically, 740 were confirmed BCCs. Sensitivity and specificity for dermatoscopy alone was 93.2% (95% CI, 91.2-94.9) and 51.7% (95% CI, 45.5-57.9); positive predictive value was 84.4 (95% CI, 81.7-86.8) and negative predictive value 73.3 (95% CI, 66.3-79.5). Adjunctive RCM reported higher rates: 97.8 (95% CI, 96.5-98.8) sensitivity and 86.8 (95% CI, 82.1-90.6) specificity, with positive predictive value of 95.4 (95% CI, 93.6-96.8) and negative predictive value 93.5 (95% CI, 89.7-96.2). Limitations: Study conducted in a single country. Conclusions: Adjunctive handheld RCM assessment of lesions clinically suspicious for BCC permits higher diagnostic accuracy with minimal false negative lesions.

Dermatoscopy and reflectance confocal microscopy for basal cell carcinoma diagnosis and diagnosis prediction score: A prospective and multicenter study on 1005 lesions / Longo, Caterina; Guida, Stefania; Mirra, Marica; Pampena, Riccardo; Ciardo, Silvana; Bassoli, Sara; Casari, Alice; Rongioletti, Franco; Spadafora, Marco; Chester, Johanna; Kaleci, Shaniko; Lai, Michela; Magi, Serena; Mazzoni, Laura; Farnetani, Francesca; Stanganelli, Ignazio; Pellacani, Giovanni. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF DERMATOLOGY. - ISSN 0190-9622. - 90:5(2024), pp. 994-1001. [10.1016/j.jaad.2024.01.035]

Dermatoscopy and reflectance confocal microscopy for basal cell carcinoma diagnosis and diagnosis prediction score: A prospective and multicenter study on 1005 lesions

Guida, Stefania
Secondo
;
Rongioletti, Franco;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is usually diagnosed by clinical and dermatoscopy examination, but diagnostic accuracy may be suboptimal. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) imaging increases skin cancer diagnostic accuracy. Objective: To evaluate additional benefit in diagnostic accuracy of handheld RCM in a prospective controlled clinical setting. Methods: A prospective, multicenter study in 3 skin cancer reference centers in Italy enrolling consecutive lesions with clinical-dermatoscopic suspicion of BCC (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT04789421). Results: A total of 1005 lesions were included, of which 474 histopathologically confirmed versus 531 diagnosed by clinical-dermatoscopic-RCM correlation, confirmed with 2 years of follow-up. Specifically, 740 were confirmed BCCs. Sensitivity and specificity for dermatoscopy alone was 93.2% (95% CI, 91.2-94.9) and 51.7% (95% CI, 45.5-57.9); positive predictive value was 84.4 (95% CI, 81.7-86.8) and negative predictive value 73.3 (95% CI, 66.3-79.5). Adjunctive RCM reported higher rates: 97.8 (95% CI, 96.5-98.8) sensitivity and 86.8 (95% CI, 82.1-90.6) specificity, with positive predictive value of 95.4 (95% CI, 93.6-96.8) and negative predictive value 93.5 (95% CI, 89.7-96.2). Limitations: Study conducted in a single country. Conclusions: Adjunctive handheld RCM assessment of lesions clinically suspicious for BCC permits higher diagnostic accuracy with minimal false negative lesions.
2024
basal cell carcinoma
dermatoscopy
dermoscopy
diagnosis
diagnostic accuracy
imaging techniques
noninvasive diagnosis
prospective study
reflectance confocal microscopy
sensitivity
skin cancer
specificity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/159276
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