Background: Echocardiographic grading of mitral regurgitation (MR) in mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is challenging. Three-dimensional (3D) vena contracta area (VCA) has been proposed as a valuable method. However, data defining the cutoff values of severity and validation in the subset of patients with MVP are scarce. The aim of this study was to validate the 3D VCA by 3D color-Doppler transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in patients with MVP and to define the cutoff values of severity grading. The secondary aim was to compare 3D VCA to the effective regurgitant orifice area estimation by proximal isovelocity surface area (EROA-PISA) method. Methods: A total of 1,138 patients with at least moderate MR who underwent TEE were included. Three-dimensional VCA was measured, and the cutoff value and area under the curve (AUC) for the prediction of severe MR were estimated by receiver operating characteristic curve using a guideline-suggested multiparametric approach as the reference standard. In a subgroup of patients, 3D regurgitant volume (RV) and 3D fraction were calculated from mitral and left ventricular outflow tract stroke volumes to further validate 3D VCA against a 3D volumetric reference standard. Results: The optimal 3D VCA cutoff value for predicting severe MR was 0.45 cm2 (specificity, 0.87; sensitivity, 0.90) with an AUC of 0.95 using a multiparametric approach as reference. Three-dimensional VCA had a good linear correlation with EROA-PISA (r = 0.62, P < .05) with larger values compared to EROA-PISA (0.63 cm2 vs 0.44 cm2, P < .05). A cutoff of 0.50 cm2 (AUC of 0.84; sensitivity, 0.78; specificity, 0.78) predicts an EROA-PISA of 0.40 cm2. Three-dimensional VCA had a good linear correlation with 3D RV (r = 0.56, P < .01), with an AUC of 0.86 to predict a 3D fraction >50%. Conclusions: The present study suggests 0.45 cm2 as the best cutoff value of 3D VCA to define severe MR in patients with MVP, showing an optimal agreement with the reference standard multiparametric approach and 3D RV.

Quantification of Mitral Regurgitation in Mitral Valve Prolapse by Three-Dimensional Vena Contracta Area: Derived Cutoff Values and Comparison With Two-Dimensional Multiparametric Approach / Fiore, Giorgio; Ingallina, Giacomo; Ancona, Francesco; Gaspardone, Carlo; Biondi, Federico; Margonato, Davide; Morosato, Michele; Belli, Martina; Tavernese, Annamaria; Stella, Stefano; Agricola, Eustachio. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY. - ISSN 0894-7317. - 37:6(2024), pp. 591-598. [10.1016/j.echo.2024.03.009]

Quantification of Mitral Regurgitation in Mitral Valve Prolapse by Three-Dimensional Vena Contracta Area: Derived Cutoff Values and Comparison With Two-Dimensional Multiparametric Approach

Margonato, Davide;Morosato, Michele;Agricola, Eustachio
Ultimo
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background: Echocardiographic grading of mitral regurgitation (MR) in mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is challenging. Three-dimensional (3D) vena contracta area (VCA) has been proposed as a valuable method. However, data defining the cutoff values of severity and validation in the subset of patients with MVP are scarce. The aim of this study was to validate the 3D VCA by 3D color-Doppler transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in patients with MVP and to define the cutoff values of severity grading. The secondary aim was to compare 3D VCA to the effective regurgitant orifice area estimation by proximal isovelocity surface area (EROA-PISA) method. Methods: A total of 1,138 patients with at least moderate MR who underwent TEE were included. Three-dimensional VCA was measured, and the cutoff value and area under the curve (AUC) for the prediction of severe MR were estimated by receiver operating characteristic curve using a guideline-suggested multiparametric approach as the reference standard. In a subgroup of patients, 3D regurgitant volume (RV) and 3D fraction were calculated from mitral and left ventricular outflow tract stroke volumes to further validate 3D VCA against a 3D volumetric reference standard. Results: The optimal 3D VCA cutoff value for predicting severe MR was 0.45 cm2 (specificity, 0.87; sensitivity, 0.90) with an AUC of 0.95 using a multiparametric approach as reference. Three-dimensional VCA had a good linear correlation with EROA-PISA (r = 0.62, P < .05) with larger values compared to EROA-PISA (0.63 cm2 vs 0.44 cm2, P < .05). A cutoff of 0.50 cm2 (AUC of 0.84; sensitivity, 0.78; specificity, 0.78) predicts an EROA-PISA of 0.40 cm2. Three-dimensional VCA had a good linear correlation with 3D RV (r = 0.56, P < .01), with an AUC of 0.86 to predict a 3D fraction >50%. Conclusions: The present study suggests 0.45 cm2 as the best cutoff value of 3D VCA to define severe MR in patients with MVP, showing an optimal agreement with the reference standard multiparametric approach and 3D RV.
2024
3D vena contracta area
EROA PISA
Mitral regurgitation
Mitral valve prolapse
Transesophageal echocardiography
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/159359
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