: Regenerative medicine solutions for type 1 diabetes are a rapidly developing field of medical technology. To date, these solutions have been principally cell-based treatments and at present, in Europe, these therapies are regulated under European Union regulations for advanced therapy medicinal products. But now, new emerging technology combining cellular therapy with medical devices is under development. The potential of this novel hybrid model to create a bioartificial pancreas to treat type 1 diabetes is tantalizing. However, incorporating medical devices creates a further layer of regulatory complexity. This article seeks to expose the complexity of this legal and regulatory landscape and demonstrate how evolving technology could challenge the entire existing legal paradigm. We start by summarizing the status of the only established cell-based therapy-transplantation. We set out the regulation of cellular therapies, their classification, and the role of statutory bodies. We examine the bottleneck of therapies moving from bench to bedside, and we consider the additional challenges of products, which use a combination of cells and medical devices. Finally, we argue that for the potential of this rapidly growing area of technology to be realized a seismic shift in how we regulate frontier cellular therapies will be required.

Legal and Regulatory Challenges for Emerging Regenerative Medicine Solutions for Diabetes / Thom, R. L.; Cronin, A. J.; Berishvili, E.; Fonseca, L. M.; Lebreton, F.; Bellofatto, K.; Bignard, J.; Hanna, R.; Galvan, V.; Seissler, J.; Wolf-Van Buerck, L.; Honarpisheh, M.; Zhang, Y.; Lei, Y.; Pehl, M.; Follenzi, A.; Borsotti, C.; Merlin, S.; Piemonti, L.; Citro, A.; Pellegrini, S.; Thaunat, O.; Fouche, M.; Mey, D.; Parisotto, C.; Rossi, G.; Kugelmeier, P.; Wolint, P.; Mühlemann, M.; Pal-Kutas, K.; Ag, K.; Cavallaro, M.; Götz, J.; Müller, J.. - In: TRANSPLANTATION. - ISSN 0041-1337. - 108:5(2024), pp. 1072-1079. [10.1097/TP.0000000000004797]

Legal and Regulatory Challenges for Emerging Regenerative Medicine Solutions for Diabetes

Piemonti L.;
2024-01-01

Abstract

: Regenerative medicine solutions for type 1 diabetes are a rapidly developing field of medical technology. To date, these solutions have been principally cell-based treatments and at present, in Europe, these therapies are regulated under European Union regulations for advanced therapy medicinal products. But now, new emerging technology combining cellular therapy with medical devices is under development. The potential of this novel hybrid model to create a bioartificial pancreas to treat type 1 diabetes is tantalizing. However, incorporating medical devices creates a further layer of regulatory complexity. This article seeks to expose the complexity of this legal and regulatory landscape and demonstrate how evolving technology could challenge the entire existing legal paradigm. We start by summarizing the status of the only established cell-based therapy-transplantation. We set out the regulation of cellular therapies, their classification, and the role of statutory bodies. We examine the bottleneck of therapies moving from bench to bedside, and we consider the additional challenges of products, which use a combination of cells and medical devices. Finally, we argue that for the potential of this rapidly growing area of technology to be realized a seismic shift in how we regulate frontier cellular therapies will be required.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/162856
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