Introduction: Incidental Gallbladder Cancer (IGBC) following cholecystectomy constitutes a significant portion of gallbladder cancer diagnoses. Re-exploration is advocated to optimize disease clearance and enhance survival rates. The consistent association of residual disease (RD) with inferior oncologic outcomes prompts a critical examination of re-resection's role as a modifying factor in the natural history of IGBC. Methods: All patients diagnosed with gallbladder cancer between 2012 and 2022 were included. An elastic net regularized regression model was employed to profile high-risk predictors of RD within the IGBC group. Survival outcomes were assessed based on resection margins and RD. Results: Among the 181 patients undergoing re-exploration for IGBC, 133 (73.5 %) harbored RD, while 48 (26.5 %) showed no evidence. The elastic net model, utilizing a selected λ = 0.029, identified six coefficients associated with the risk of RD: aspiration from cholecystectomy (0.141), hepatic tumor origin (1.852), time to re-exploration >8 weeks (1.879), positive margin status (2.575), higher T stage (1.473), and poorly differentiated tumors (2.241). Furthermore, the study revealed a median overall survival of 44 months (CI 38-60) for IGBC patients with no evidence of RD, compared to 31 months (23-42) for those with RD (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Re-resection revealed a high incidence of RD (73.5 %), significantly correlating with poorer survival outcomes. The preoperative identification of high-risk features provides a reliable biological disease profile. This aids in strategic preselection of patients who may benefit from re-resection, underscoring the need to consolidate outcomes with tailored chemotherapy for those with unfavorable characteristics.

The oncologic burden of residual disease in incidental gallbladder cancer: An elastic net regression model to profile high-risk features / Marino, R.; Ratti, F.; Casadei-Gardini, A.; Rimini, M.; Pedica, F.; Clocchiatti, L.; Aldrighetti, L.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 0748-7983. - 50:7(2024). [10.1016/j.ejso.2024.108397]

The oncologic burden of residual disease in incidental gallbladder cancer: An elastic net regression model to profile high-risk features

Marino R.
Primo
;
Ratti F.
Secondo
;
Casadei-Gardini A.;Rimini M.;Pedica F.;Aldrighetti L.
Ultimo
2024-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Incidental Gallbladder Cancer (IGBC) following cholecystectomy constitutes a significant portion of gallbladder cancer diagnoses. Re-exploration is advocated to optimize disease clearance and enhance survival rates. The consistent association of residual disease (RD) with inferior oncologic outcomes prompts a critical examination of re-resection's role as a modifying factor in the natural history of IGBC. Methods: All patients diagnosed with gallbladder cancer between 2012 and 2022 were included. An elastic net regularized regression model was employed to profile high-risk predictors of RD within the IGBC group. Survival outcomes were assessed based on resection margins and RD. Results: Among the 181 patients undergoing re-exploration for IGBC, 133 (73.5 %) harbored RD, while 48 (26.5 %) showed no evidence. The elastic net model, utilizing a selected λ = 0.029, identified six coefficients associated with the risk of RD: aspiration from cholecystectomy (0.141), hepatic tumor origin (1.852), time to re-exploration >8 weeks (1.879), positive margin status (2.575), higher T stage (1.473), and poorly differentiated tumors (2.241). Furthermore, the study revealed a median overall survival of 44 months (CI 38-60) for IGBC patients with no evidence of RD, compared to 31 months (23-42) for those with RD (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Re-resection revealed a high incidence of RD (73.5 %), significantly correlating with poorer survival outcomes. The preoperative identification of high-risk features provides a reliable biological disease profile. This aids in strategic preselection of patients who may benefit from re-resection, underscoring the need to consolidate outcomes with tailored chemotherapy for those with unfavorable characteristics.
2024
Gallbladder cancer
Incidental gallbladder cancer
Liver surgery
Residual disease
Survival
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/163296
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