Aims: Fibroscan® is a non-invasive method to evaluate liver stiffness (LS), however, its accuracy in alcohol-related liver diseases (ALD) especially with respect to active or stopped alcohol drinking is largely unknown. We prospectively evaluated the LS changes in patients with ALD following alcohol withdrawal. Methods: Sixty-four patients were evaluated by FibroScan® and lab tests at baseline and after 4 weeks of abstinence. Results: At baseline, 21 patients (33%) had an abnormal LS (> 7 kPa) and 32 patients (50%) had abnormal liver function tests. More specifically, 3 and 11 subjects had a LS higher than 9.6 kPa and 12.5 kPa, respectively. The LS significantly declined in abstinent from 9.2 ± 10.1 (M±SD) at the baseline to 6.9 ± 6.1 kPa at 4 weeks (P = 0.03), respectively, while did not change significantly in drinkers. In addition, 80% of abstainers had a significant LS reduction (-2.6 ± 5.5 kPa), compared to drinkers (2.2 ± 3.6 kPa) (P = 0.004). After 6 months, 27 patients accepted a further evaluation: 22 abstinent and 5 relapsed to drink. At the final evaluation, only 4 out of 22 abstainers had still a LS higher than 7 kPa. Conclusions: During active drinking LS is probably overestimated by Fibroscan® in ALD, since 1 month after abstinence it is dramatically reduced, especially in subjects with baseline values higher than 7 kPa. Short summary: We prospectively evaluated liver stiffness by Fibroscan® in patients with alcohol-related liver disease at baseline and following abstinence. After 1 month of abstinence, the LS is dramatically reduced, especially when values are greater than 7 kPa and transaminase elevated at baseline.

Prospective Evaluation of Liver Stiffness Using Transient Elastography in Alcoholic Patients following Abstinence / Gianni, E.; Forte, P.; Galli, V.; Razzolini, G.; Bardazzi, G.; Annese, V.. - In: ALCOHOL AND ALCOHOLISM. - ISSN 0735-0414. - 52:1(2016), pp. 42-47. [10.1093/alcalc/agw053]

Prospective Evaluation of Liver Stiffness Using Transient Elastography in Alcoholic Patients following Abstinence

Annese V.
2016-01-01

Abstract

Aims: Fibroscan® is a non-invasive method to evaluate liver stiffness (LS), however, its accuracy in alcohol-related liver diseases (ALD) especially with respect to active or stopped alcohol drinking is largely unknown. We prospectively evaluated the LS changes in patients with ALD following alcohol withdrawal. Methods: Sixty-four patients were evaluated by FibroScan® and lab tests at baseline and after 4 weeks of abstinence. Results: At baseline, 21 patients (33%) had an abnormal LS (> 7 kPa) and 32 patients (50%) had abnormal liver function tests. More specifically, 3 and 11 subjects had a LS higher than 9.6 kPa and 12.5 kPa, respectively. The LS significantly declined in abstinent from 9.2 ± 10.1 (M±SD) at the baseline to 6.9 ± 6.1 kPa at 4 weeks (P = 0.03), respectively, while did not change significantly in drinkers. In addition, 80% of abstainers had a significant LS reduction (-2.6 ± 5.5 kPa), compared to drinkers (2.2 ± 3.6 kPa) (P = 0.004). After 6 months, 27 patients accepted a further evaluation: 22 abstinent and 5 relapsed to drink. At the final evaluation, only 4 out of 22 abstainers had still a LS higher than 7 kPa. Conclusions: During active drinking LS is probably overestimated by Fibroscan® in ALD, since 1 month after abstinence it is dramatically reduced, especially in subjects with baseline values higher than 7 kPa. Short summary: We prospectively evaluated liver stiffness by Fibroscan® in patients with alcohol-related liver disease at baseline and following abstinence. After 1 month of abstinence, the LS is dramatically reduced, especially when values are greater than 7 kPa and transaminase elevated at baseline.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/166120
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