Antibodies recognizing infliximab (IFX) may develop in a proportion of treated patients, leading to loss of response or hypersensitivity reactions (HRs). T cell response to IFX has been poorly investigated. This paper was addressed to detect IFX-specific T cells in treated patients with inflammatory diseases developing, or not, anti-drug antibodies (ADA) and to correlate the presence of specific T cells with the clinical outcomes of the treatment. A co-culture system of IFX-loaded dendritic cells and purified autologous CD4+ T cells was used to detect memory T cells in 32 ADA+ and 39 ADA– IFX-treated patients and control groups. The cytokine profile of IFX-specific T cells was also studied in culture supernatants. IFX-specific cell proliferation was detected mainly in cells from ADA+ patients, irrespective of their different diseases. HR patients displayed higher T cell proliferation than non-responder and tolerant patients. A mixed [interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-13, IL-10] cytokine profile was shown in cells from ADA+ patients, while IL-10 was the most frequently detected cytokine in the supernatants of cultures from ADA- patients. Immunoglobulin (Ig)E+ADA+ patients with previous HRs exhibited a more pronounced type 2 profile than IgE–ADA+ patients. This work provides evidence that IFX-specific circulating T cells are detectable mainly in ADA+ patients with HRs, regardless of their disease. The IFX-induced cytokine pattern partially correlates with the ADA isotype.

Circulating T cells to infliximab are detectable mainly in treated patients developing anti-drug antibodies and hypersensitivity reactions / Vultaggio, A.; Petroni, G.; Pratesi, S.; Nencini, F.; Cammelli, D.; Milla, M.; Prignano, F.; Annese, V.; Romagnani, S.; Maggi, E.; Matucci, A.. - In: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 0009-9104. - 186:3(2016), pp. 364-372. [10.1111/cei.12858]

Circulating T cells to infliximab are detectable mainly in treated patients developing anti-drug antibodies and hypersensitivity reactions

Annese V.;
2016-01-01

Abstract

Antibodies recognizing infliximab (IFX) may develop in a proportion of treated patients, leading to loss of response or hypersensitivity reactions (HRs). T cell response to IFX has been poorly investigated. This paper was addressed to detect IFX-specific T cells in treated patients with inflammatory diseases developing, or not, anti-drug antibodies (ADA) and to correlate the presence of specific T cells with the clinical outcomes of the treatment. A co-culture system of IFX-loaded dendritic cells and purified autologous CD4+ T cells was used to detect memory T cells in 32 ADA+ and 39 ADA– IFX-treated patients and control groups. The cytokine profile of IFX-specific T cells was also studied in culture supernatants. IFX-specific cell proliferation was detected mainly in cells from ADA+ patients, irrespective of their different diseases. HR patients displayed higher T cell proliferation than non-responder and tolerant patients. A mixed [interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-13, IL-10] cytokine profile was shown in cells from ADA+ patients, while IL-10 was the most frequently detected cytokine in the supernatants of cultures from ADA- patients. Immunoglobulin (Ig)E+ADA+ patients with previous HRs exhibited a more pronounced type 2 profile than IgE–ADA+ patients. This work provides evidence that IFX-specific circulating T cells are detectable mainly in ADA+ patients with HRs, regardless of their disease. The IFX-induced cytokine pattern partially correlates with the ADA isotype.
2016
allergy
arthritis
cytokines
T cells
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/166129
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