Integrins mediate the interaction between cells and extracellular matrix by assembling adhesive structures that need to be dynamically modulated to allow cell motility. We have recently identified liprin-alpha1 as an essential regulator of integrin dynamics required for efficient cell motility. Here we investigated the effects of liprin-alpha1 expression on beta1 integrin receptors. We found that increased levels of liprin-alpha1 affected the localization of inactive, low-affinity integrins, while increasing the average size of beta1 integrin-positive focal adhesions. Although a direct interaction between beta1 integrins and liprin-alpha1 could not be revealed biochemically, a striking colocalization between redistributed inactive beta1 integrins and liprin-alpha1 was observed. The tight association of overexpressed and endogenous liprin-alpha1 to the cytoplasmic side of the ventral plasma membrane suggested a possible role of liprin in stabilizing integrin receptors at the cell surface. In support of this hypothesis, we demonstrated an inhibitory effect of liprin overexpression on antibody-induced beta1 integrin internalization. On the other hand, depletion of endogenous liprin-alpha by small interfering RNA increased the rate of integrin internalization. Overall, these results support the hypothesis that liprin-alpha1 exerts its action on focal adhesion turnover by influencing the localization and stability of integrin receptors at the cell surface.

Liprin-alpha1 affects the distribution of low-affinity beta1 integrins and stabilizes their permanence at the cell surface

DE CURTIS , IVANMATTEO
2010

Abstract

Integrins mediate the interaction between cells and extracellular matrix by assembling adhesive structures that need to be dynamically modulated to allow cell motility. We have recently identified liprin-alpha1 as an essential regulator of integrin dynamics required for efficient cell motility. Here we investigated the effects of liprin-alpha1 expression on beta1 integrin receptors. We found that increased levels of liprin-alpha1 affected the localization of inactive, low-affinity integrins, while increasing the average size of beta1 integrin-positive focal adhesions. Although a direct interaction between beta1 integrins and liprin-alpha1 could not be revealed biochemically, a striking colocalization between redistributed inactive beta1 integrins and liprin-alpha1 was observed. The tight association of overexpressed and endogenous liprin-alpha1 to the cytoplasmic side of the ventral plasma membrane suggested a possible role of liprin in stabilizing integrin receptors at the cell surface. In support of this hypothesis, we demonstrated an inhibitory effect of liprin overexpression on antibody-induced beta1 integrin internalization. On the other hand, depletion of endogenous liprin-alpha by small interfering RNA increased the rate of integrin internalization. Overall, these results support the hypothesis that liprin-alpha1 exerts its action on focal adhesion turnover by influencing the localization and stability of integrin receptors at the cell surface.
Focal adhesions ; Liprin; Internalization
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/225
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