Cytoskeleton scaffold in cardiac myocytes provides structural support and compartmentalization of intracellular components. It is implicated in cardiac pathologies including hypertrophy and failure, playing a key role in the determinism of contractile and diastolic dysfunctions. Chromogranin A (CgA) and its derived peptides have revealed themselves as novel cardiovascular modulators. In humans, normal CgA levels considerably increase in several pathologies, including heart failure. Recent data have shown on the unstimulated rat heart that human recombinant Vasostatin-1 (hrVS-1) and rat chromogranin A 1-64 (rCgA(1-64)) induce negative inotropic and lusitropic effects counteracting the beta-adrenergic-dependent positive inotropism with a functional noncompetitive antagonism. This study investigates, on the isolated Langendorff perfused rat heart, whether cardiac cytoskeleton is involved in the modulation of contractility and relaxation exerted by hrVS-1 and rCgA(1-64). Cytoskeleton impairment by either cytochalasin-D (actin polymerization inhibitor), BDM (myosin ATP-ase antagonist) or wortmannin (inhibitor of PI3-K/Akt transduction cascade), or W-7 (calcium-calmodulin antagonist) abolished hrVS-1 and rCgA(1-64)-mediated inotropism and lusitropism. Using fluorescent phalloidin, we showed on rat cardiac H9C2 cells that hrVS-1 (10 nM divided by 10 mu M) stimulates actin polymerization. Taken together these data indicate that in the rat heart, the actin cytoskeletal network strongly contributes to the cardiotropic action of CgA-derived peptides. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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