OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed at evaluating the association between radiological vertebral fractures and levo-thyroxine (l-T4) replacement doses in adult patients with hypopituitarism.DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.METHODS: We studied 74 adult hypopituitary patients (males, 43; females, 31; mean age, 57 years; and range, 23-79) with central hypothyroidism treated with l-T4 (median daily dose: 1.1  μg/kg). All patients also had severe GH deficiency (GHD) and 38 of them were replaced with recombinant GH. Vertebral fractures were assessed by a quantitative morphometric analysis performed on thoracic and lumbar spine lateral X-ray.RESULTS: Radiological vertebral fractures were found in 23 patients (31.1%) in association with untreated GHD (P=0.02), higher serum free T4 levels (P=0.03), a higher daily dose of l-T4 (P=0.005), and a longer duration of hypopituitarism (P=0.05). When GHD was treated, the prevalence of vertebral fractures was more frequent (P=0.03) in patients receiving high l-T4 doses (third tertile: >1.35  μg/kg per day) as compared with patients who were treated with lower drug doses (first tertile: <0.93  μg/kg per day). Such a difference was not observed in patients with untreated GHD who showed a higher prevalence of vertebral fractures regardless of l-T4 daily doses. Multivariate analysis showed that untreated GHD (odds ratio: 4.27, 95% CI 1.27-14.33; P=0.01) and the daily dose of l-T4 (odds ratio: 4.01, 95% CI 1.16-14.39; P=0.03) maintained a significant and independent association with vertebral fractures in patients with central hypothyroidism.CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest for the first time that a relative overtreatment with l-T4 may influence the fracture risk in some patients with hypopituitarism.

ASSOCIATION BETWEEN L-THYROXINE TREATMENT, GH DEFICIENCY, AND RADIOLOGICAL VERTEBRAL FRACTURES IN PATIENTS WITH ADULT-ONSET HYPOPITUITARISM

GIUSTINA , ANDREA
2014

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed at evaluating the association between radiological vertebral fractures and levo-thyroxine (l-T4) replacement doses in adult patients with hypopituitarism.DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.METHODS: We studied 74 adult hypopituitary patients (males, 43; females, 31; mean age, 57 years; and range, 23-79) with central hypothyroidism treated with l-T4 (median daily dose: 1.1  μg/kg). All patients also had severe GH deficiency (GHD) and 38 of them were replaced with recombinant GH. Vertebral fractures were assessed by a quantitative morphometric analysis performed on thoracic and lumbar spine lateral X-ray.RESULTS: Radiological vertebral fractures were found in 23 patients (31.1%) in association with untreated GHD (P=0.02), higher serum free T4 levels (P=0.03), a higher daily dose of l-T4 (P=0.005), and a longer duration of hypopituitarism (P=0.05). When GHD was treated, the prevalence of vertebral fractures was more frequent (P=0.03) in patients receiving high l-T4 doses (third tertile: >1.35  μg/kg per day) as compared with patients who were treated with lower drug doses (first tertile: <0.93  μg/kg per day). Such a difference was not observed in patients with untreated GHD who showed a higher prevalence of vertebral fractures regardless of l-T4 daily doses. Multivariate analysis showed that untreated GHD (odds ratio: 4.27, 95% CI 1.27-14.33; P=0.01) and the daily dose of l-T4 (odds ratio: 4.01, 95% CI 1.16-14.39; P=0.03) maintained a significant and independent association with vertebral fractures in patients with central hypothyroidism.CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest for the first time that a relative overtreatment with l-T4 may influence the fracture risk in some patients with hypopituitarism.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/3345
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