Background - Acute renal failure is a serious complication of cardiac surgery causing high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of fenoldopam, a specific agonist of the dopamine- 1 receptor, in patients at high risk of perioperative renal dysfunction. Methods and Results - A prospective single- center, randomized, double- blind trial was performed after local ethical committee approval and after written consent was obtained from 80 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Patients received either fenoldopam at 0.05 mu g/ kg per minute or dopamine at 2.5 mu g/ kg per minute after the induction of anesthesia for a 24- hour period. All these patients were at high risk of perioperative renal dysfunction as indicated by Continuous Improvement in Cardiac Surgery Program score > 10. Primary end point was defined as 25% creatinine increase from baseline levels after cardiac surgery. The 2 groups ( fenoldopam versus dopamine) were homogeneous cohorts, and no difference in outcome was observed. Acute renal failure was similar: 17 of 40 ( 42.5%) in the fenoldopam group and 16 of 40 ( 40%) in the dopamine group ( P = 0.9). Peak postoperative serum creatinine level, intensive care unit and hospital stay, and mortality were also similar in the 2 groups. Conclusions - Despite an increasing number of reports of renal protective properties from fenoldopam, we observed no difference in the clinical outcome compared with dopamine in a high- risk population undergoing cardiac surgery.

Renoprotective action of fenoldopam in high-risk patients undergoing cardiac surgery: a prospective, double-blind, randomized clinical trial

LANDONI, GIOVANNI;ZANGRILLO, ALBERTO
2005

Abstract

Background - Acute renal failure is a serious complication of cardiac surgery causing high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of fenoldopam, a specific agonist of the dopamine- 1 receptor, in patients at high risk of perioperative renal dysfunction. Methods and Results - A prospective single- center, randomized, double- blind trial was performed after local ethical committee approval and after written consent was obtained from 80 patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Patients received either fenoldopam at 0.05 mu g/ kg per minute or dopamine at 2.5 mu g/ kg per minute after the induction of anesthesia for a 24- hour period. All these patients were at high risk of perioperative renal dysfunction as indicated by Continuous Improvement in Cardiac Surgery Program score > 10. Primary end point was defined as 25% creatinine increase from baseline levels after cardiac surgery. The 2 groups ( fenoldopam versus dopamine) were homogeneous cohorts, and no difference in outcome was observed. Acute renal failure was similar: 17 of 40 ( 42.5%) in the fenoldopam group and 16 of 40 ( 40%) in the dopamine group ( P = 0.9). Peak postoperative serum creatinine level, intensive care unit and hospital stay, and mortality were also similar in the 2 groups. Conclusions - Despite an increasing number of reports of renal protective properties from fenoldopam, we observed no difference in the clinical outcome compared with dopamine in a high- risk population undergoing cardiac surgery.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/417
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