Since it was initially described in 1992 laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) has been gaining popularity amongst urologists and its range of applications has progressively widened. Ten years after the first report of LA this type of operation is presently considered to be the 'standard of care' for most adrenal diseases requiring surgery. We define the current role of laparoscopy in the management of surgical adrenal diseases, using a Medline search (1997-2002) to assess reports of LA, focusing on indications, approaches (transperitoneal and retroperitoneoscopic) and comparative analyses, taking particular care to evaluate operative duration, rate of conversion and transfusion, complications and hospital stay. With both approaches LA is safe and effective and, when compared with open surgery, offers the same functional results with all the advantages of minimally invasive surgery. We conclude that LA based on either approach should be considered the treatment of choice for benign adrenal lesions. Although very promising, conservative surgery and LA should still be evaluated in cases of malignancy.

Laparoscopic treatment of adrenal diseases: 10 years on

GUAZZONI, GIORGIO FERRUCCIO
Primo
;
MONTORSI, FRANCESCO;SALONIA, ANDREA
Penultimo
;
RIGATTI, PATRIZIO
Ultimo
2004

Abstract

Since it was initially described in 1992 laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) has been gaining popularity amongst urologists and its range of applications has progressively widened. Ten years after the first report of LA this type of operation is presently considered to be the 'standard of care' for most adrenal diseases requiring surgery. We define the current role of laparoscopy in the management of surgical adrenal diseases, using a Medline search (1997-2002) to assess reports of LA, focusing on indications, approaches (transperitoneal and retroperitoneoscopic) and comparative analyses, taking particular care to evaluate operative duration, rate of conversion and transfusion, complications and hospital stay. With both approaches LA is safe and effective and, when compared with open surgery, offers the same functional results with all the advantages of minimally invasive surgery. We conclude that LA based on either approach should be considered the treatment of choice for benign adrenal lesions. Although very promising, conservative surgery and LA should still be evaluated in cases of malignancy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/4173
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