We usedthe “standard” and “switched” social contractversionsoftheWasonSelection- task toinvestigatetheneuralbasesofhumanreasoningaboutsocialrules.Boththese versions typicallyelicitthedeonticallycorrectanswer,i.e.theproperidentification ofthe violations ofaconditionalobligation.Onlyinthestandardversionofthetask,however, this responsecorrespondstothelogicallycorrectone.Wetookadvantageofthis differential adherencetologicalvs.deonticalaccuracytotestthedifferentpredictionsof logic rule-basedvs.visuospatialaccountsofinferentialabilitiesin14participantswho solved thestandardandswitchedversionsoftheSelection-taskduringfunctional- Magnetic-Resonance-Imaging.Bothversionsactivatedthewellknownleftfronto-parietal network ofdeductivereasoning.Thestandardversionadditionallyrecruitedthemedial parietal andrightinferiorparietalcortex,previouslyassociatedwithmentalimageryand with theadoptionofegocentricvs.allocentricspatialreferenceframes.Theseresults suggest thatvisuospatialprocessesencodingone'sownsubjectiveexperienceinsocial interactions maysupportandshapetheinterpretationofdeductiveargumentsand/orthe resulting inferences,thuscontributingtoelicitcontenteffectsinhumanreasoning.

The impact of egocentric vs. allocentric attributions on the neural bases of reasoning about social rules

PANTALEO , GIUSEPPE;
2014

Abstract

We usedthe “standard” and “switched” social contractversionsoftheWasonSelection- task toinvestigatetheneuralbasesofhumanreasoningaboutsocialrules.Boththese versions typicallyelicitthedeonticallycorrectanswer,i.e.theproperidentification ofthe violations ofaconditionalobligation.Onlyinthestandardversionofthetask,however, this responsecorrespondstothelogicallycorrectone.Wetookadvantageofthis differential adherencetologicalvs.deonticalaccuracytotestthedifferentpredictionsof logic rule-basedvs.visuospatialaccountsofinferentialabilitiesin14participantswho solved thestandardandswitchedversionsoftheSelection-taskduringfunctional- Magnetic-Resonance-Imaging.Bothversionsactivatedthewellknownleftfronto-parietal network ofdeductivereasoning.Thestandardversionadditionallyrecruitedthemedial parietal andrightinferiorparietalcortex,previouslyassociatedwithmentalimageryand with theadoptionofegocentricvs.allocentricspatialreferenceframes.Theseresults suggest thatvisuospatialprocessesencodingone'sownsubjectiveexperienceinsocial interactions maysupportandshapetheinterpretationofdeductiveargumentsand/orthe resulting inferences,thuscontributingtoelicitcontenteffectsinhumanreasoning.
Agency attribution, Functional magnetic resonance imaging, Parietal cortex, Prefrontal cortex, Social reasoning, Wason Selection-task
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/4624
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