Abstract Aims/hypothesis: Efficient islet isolation is an important prerequisite for successful clinical islet transplantation. Although progressively improved, islet yield and quality are, however, unpredictable and variable and require standardisation. Methods: Since 1989 we have processed 437 pancreases using the automated method. The donor characteristics, pancreas procurement, and digestion and purification procedures including a wide enzyme characterisation of these pancreases were analysed and correlated with islet yield and transplant outcome. Results: By univariate analysis, islet yield was significantly associated with donor age (r=0.16; p=0.0009), BMI (r=0.19; p=0.0004), good pancreas condition (p=0.0031) and weight (r=0.15; p=0.0056), total collagenase activity (r=0.22; p= 0.0001), adjusted collagenase activity/mg (r=0.18; p=0.0002), collagenase activity/solution volume (r=0.18; p=0.0002) and neutral protease activity/solution volume (r=0.14; p= 0.0029). A statistically significant contribution to the variability of islet yield in a multivariate analysis performed on donor variables was found for donor BMI (p=0.0008). In a multivariate analysis performed on pancreas variables a contribution was found for pancreas weight (p=0.0064), and for a multivariate analysis performed on digestion variables we found a contribution for digestion time (p=0.0048) and total collagenase activity (p=0.0001). Twenty-four patients with type 1 diabetes received single islet preparations from single donors. In these patients, multivariate analyses showed that the reduction in insulin requirement was significantly associated with morphological aspects of islets (p= 0.0010) and that 1-month C-peptide values were associated with islet purity (p=0.0071). Conclusions/interpretation: These data provide baseline donor, digestion and purification selection criteria for islet isolation using the automated method and indicate that the morphological aspect may be a clinically relevant measure of islets on which the decision for transplant can be based.

Islet isolation for allotransplantation: variables associated with successful islet yield and graft function

MAFFI P;ALDRIGHETTI L;SECCHI , ANTONIO;
2005

Abstract

Abstract Aims/hypothesis: Efficient islet isolation is an important prerequisite for successful clinical islet transplantation. Although progressively improved, islet yield and quality are, however, unpredictable and variable and require standardisation. Methods: Since 1989 we have processed 437 pancreases using the automated method. The donor characteristics, pancreas procurement, and digestion and purification procedures including a wide enzyme characterisation of these pancreases were analysed and correlated with islet yield and transplant outcome. Results: By univariate analysis, islet yield was significantly associated with donor age (r=0.16; p=0.0009), BMI (r=0.19; p=0.0004), good pancreas condition (p=0.0031) and weight (r=0.15; p=0.0056), total collagenase activity (r=0.22; p= 0.0001), adjusted collagenase activity/mg (r=0.18; p=0.0002), collagenase activity/solution volume (r=0.18; p=0.0002) and neutral protease activity/solution volume (r=0.14; p= 0.0029). A statistically significant contribution to the variability of islet yield in a multivariate analysis performed on donor variables was found for donor BMI (p=0.0008). In a multivariate analysis performed on pancreas variables a contribution was found for pancreas weight (p=0.0064), and for a multivariate analysis performed on digestion variables we found a contribution for digestion time (p=0.0048) and total collagenase activity (p=0.0001). Twenty-four patients with type 1 diabetes received single islet preparations from single donors. In these patients, multivariate analyses showed that the reduction in insulin requirement was significantly associated with morphological aspects of islets (p= 0.0010) and that 1-month C-peptide values were associated with islet purity (p=0.0071). Conclusions/interpretation: These data provide baseline donor, digestion and purification selection criteria for islet isolation using the automated method and indicate that the morphological aspect may be a clinically relevant measure of islets on which the decision for transplant can be based.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/467
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