I address the issue of the variety of social entities and the unity of social ontology. I focus on Gilbert’s account of social ontology as ontology of plural subjects and deal with her concept of shared values as values of plural subjects created by joint commitment. I argue that Gilbert’s account of shared values is a cognitivist and extrinsic one: it neglects the specific role of values for the constitution of plural subjects, and values are considered neither as a necessary nor as a sufficient condition for social unity. I suggest that, unlike Gilbert and the main trend in the contemporary social ontological debate, phenomenology provides an axiology that can allow to account adequately for values and to understand values’ crucial role for social unity. I discuss Scheler’s dividing vs. sharing values thesis and mention Schapp’s collective values thesis. Finally I address the question of the collective feeling value.

THE PLURAL SUBJECT APPROACH TO SOCIAL ONTOLOGY AND THE SHARING VALUES ISSUE

DE VECCHI , FRANCESCA MARIA
2015

Abstract

I address the issue of the variety of social entities and the unity of social ontology. I focus on Gilbert’s account of social ontology as ontology of plural subjects and deal with her concept of shared values as values of plural subjects created by joint commitment. I argue that Gilbert’s account of shared values is a cognitivist and extrinsic one: it neglects the specific role of values for the constitution of plural subjects, and values are considered neither as a necessary nor as a sufficient condition for social unity. I suggest that, unlike Gilbert and the main trend in the contemporary social ontological debate, phenomenology provides an axiology that can allow to account adequately for values and to understand values’ crucial role for social unity. I discuss Scheler’s dividing vs. sharing values thesis and mention Schapp’s collective values thesis. Finally I address the question of the collective feeling value.
Social ontology; Shared values; Plural subjects; Collective Values; Margaret Gilbert; Max Scheler; Wilhelm Scappa
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/4723
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