gamma-Retroviral vectors (gamma RVs), which are commonly used in gene therapy, can trigger oncogenesis by insertional mutagenesis. Here, we have dissected the contribution of vector design and viral integration site selection (ISS) to oncogenesis using an in vivo genotoxicity assay based on transplantation of vector-transduced tumor-prone mouse hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells. By swapping genetic elements between gamma RV and lentiviral. vectors (LVs), we have demonstrated that transcriptionally active long terminal repeats (LTRs) are major determinants of genotoxicity even when reconstituted in LVs and that self-inactivating (SIN) LTRs enhance the safety of gamma RVs. By comparing the genotoxicity of vectors with matched active LTRs, we were able to determine that substantially greater LV integration loads are required to approach the same oncogenic risk as gamma RVs. This difference in facilitating oncogenesis is likely to be explained by the observed preferential targeting of cancer genes by gamma RVs. This integration-site bias was intrinsic to gamma RVs, as it was also observed for SIN gamma RVs that lacked genotoxicity in our model. Our findings strongly support the use of SIN viral vector platforms and show that ISS can substantially modulate genotoxicity.

The genotoxic potential of retroviral vectors is strongly modulated by vector design and integration site selection in a mouse model of HSC gene therapy

AMBROSI , ALESSANDRO;PONZONI , MAURILIO;DOGLIONI , CLAUDIO;DI SERIO , MARIACLELIA;NALDINI, LUIGI
2009

Abstract

gamma-Retroviral vectors (gamma RVs), which are commonly used in gene therapy, can trigger oncogenesis by insertional mutagenesis. Here, we have dissected the contribution of vector design and viral integration site selection (ISS) to oncogenesis using an in vivo genotoxicity assay based on transplantation of vector-transduced tumor-prone mouse hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells. By swapping genetic elements between gamma RV and lentiviral. vectors (LVs), we have demonstrated that transcriptionally active long terminal repeats (LTRs) are major determinants of genotoxicity even when reconstituted in LVs and that self-inactivating (SIN) LTRs enhance the safety of gamma RVs. By comparing the genotoxicity of vectors with matched active LTRs, we were able to determine that substantially greater LV integration loads are required to approach the same oncogenic risk as gamma RVs. This difference in facilitating oncogenesis is likely to be explained by the observed preferential targeting of cancer genes by gamma RVs. This integration-site bias was intrinsic to gamma RVs, as it was also observed for SIN gamma RVs that lacked genotoxicity in our model. Our findings strongly support the use of SIN viral vector platforms and show that ISS can substantially modulate genotoxicity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/5102
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