Lymphokine gene expression is a precisely regulated process in T cell-mediated immune responses. In this study we demonstrate that engagement of the beta(2) integrin LFA-1 in human peripheral T cells markedly extends the half-life of TNF-alpha, GM-CSF, and IL-3 mRNA, as well as a chimeric beta-globin mRNA reporter construct containing a strongly destabilizing class II AU-rich element from the GM-CSF mRNA 3'-untranslated region. This integrin-enhanced mRNA stability leads to augmented protein production, as determined by TNF-alpha ELISPOT assays. Furthermore, T cell stimulation by LFA-1 promotes rapid nuclear-to-cytoplasmic translocation of the mRNA-stabilizing protein HuR, which in turn is capable of binding an AU-rich element sequence in vitro. Abrogation of HuR function by use of inhibitory peptides, or marked reduction of HuR levels by RNA interference, prevents LFA-1 engagement-mediated stabilization of T cell TNF-alpha or IFN-gamma transcripts, respectively. Thus, HuR-mediated mRNA stabilization, stimulated by integrin engagement and controlled at the level of HuR nuclear export, is critically involved in T cell activation.

LFA-1-Dependent HuR Nuclear Export and Cytokine mRNA Stabilization in T Cell Activation

PARDI , RUGGERO;
2006-01-01

Abstract

Lymphokine gene expression is a precisely regulated process in T cell-mediated immune responses. In this study we demonstrate that engagement of the beta(2) integrin LFA-1 in human peripheral T cells markedly extends the half-life of TNF-alpha, GM-CSF, and IL-3 mRNA, as well as a chimeric beta-globin mRNA reporter construct containing a strongly destabilizing class II AU-rich element from the GM-CSF mRNA 3'-untranslated region. This integrin-enhanced mRNA stability leads to augmented protein production, as determined by TNF-alpha ELISPOT assays. Furthermore, T cell stimulation by LFA-1 promotes rapid nuclear-to-cytoplasmic translocation of the mRNA-stabilizing protein HuR, which in turn is capable of binding an AU-rich element sequence in vitro. Abrogation of HuR function by use of inhibitory peptides, or marked reduction of HuR levels by RNA interference, prevents LFA-1 engagement-mediated stabilization of T cell TNF-alpha or IFN-gamma transcripts, respectively. Thus, HuR-mediated mRNA stabilization, stimulated by integrin engagement and controlled at the level of HuR nuclear export, is critically involved in T cell activation.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/5742
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 71
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 70
social impact