PURPOSE: To describe fundus autofluorescence (FAF) on short-wavelength FAF and near-infrared FAF in the subclinical form of Best vitelliform macular dystrophy. DESIGN: Cross-sectional prospective study. METHODS: Patients affected by the subclinical form of Best vitelliform macular dystrophy (positive testing for BEST1 gene mutation, fully preserved best-corrected visual acuity, normal fundus appearance) were recruited. Each patient underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination, including electro-oculogram (EOG), short-wavelength FAF, near-infrared FAF, spectral-domain OCT (SD OCT), and microperimetry. Main outcome measure was the identification of abnormal FAF patterns. RESULTS: Forty-six patients showing mutations in the BEST1 gene were examined. Forty patients presented a bilateral Best vitelliform macular dystrophy, 2 patients showed a unilateral Best vitelliform macular dystrophy, and 4 patients had a bilateral subclinical form. Patients with the unilateral form (2 eyes) and patients with the subclinical form (8 eyes) were analyzed. Three BEST1 sequence variants were identified: c.73C > T (p.Arg25Trp), c.28G > A (p.Ala10Thr), and c.652C > G (p.Arg218Gly). Short-wavelength FAF was normal in all eyes. Near-infrared FAF detected a pattern consisting of a central hypo-autofluorescence surrounded by a round area of hyper-autofluorescence. A bilateral reduced EOG response was detected in 1 patient. SD OCT revealed a thicker, well-defined, and more reflective interdigitation zone in 2 patients (4 eyes, 40%). Microperimetry of the central 10 degrees revealed a slight, diffuse reduction of retinal sensitivity. Mean retinal sensitivity within the central 2 and 4 degrees was lower and matched the hypo-autofluorescent area detected on near-infrared FAF. Additional relative scotomata were detected within the 10-degree area. No change in clinical, functional, or FAF pattern was found over the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Subclinical Best vitelliform macular dystrophy is characterized by the absence of biomicroscopic fundus abnormality and fully preserved visual acuity, but shows an abnormal near-infrared FAF pattern, with central hypo-autofluorescence. (C) 2014 by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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