Secondary tricuspid regurgitation is the most frequent type of tricuspid insufficiency in western countries. Its surgical treatment is still an object of debate both in terms of timing and surgical techniques. Until recently, the avoidance of surgery for tricuspid repair was commonly accepted in patients with less than severe secondary tricuspid regurgitation undergoing left-sided valve surgery. More recently, compelling evidence in favour of a more aggressive surgical approach in this setting has emerged. The surgical technique should be tailored to the stage of disease. Ring annuloplasty is more durable than suture annuloplasty and represents the method of choice in the presence of isolated annular dilatation. In patients in whom the dilatation of the tricuspid annulus is combined with significant leaflet tethering, annuloplasty alone is unlikely to be durable and additional procedures have been proposed in order to achieve a more durable repair. In this review, pathophysiology, surgical indications, techniques of repair and outcomes of secondary tricuspid regurgitation will be discussed.Wewill also focus on the challenging issue of significant tricuspid regurgitation occurring late after left-sided valve surgery. Finally, the current and future role of percutaneous tricuspid valve technologies will be briefly described. © 2014 Faculty of 1000 Ltd.

Management of tricuspid regurgitation

De Bonis, Michele;Alfieri, Ottavio
2014

Abstract

Secondary tricuspid regurgitation is the most frequent type of tricuspid insufficiency in western countries. Its surgical treatment is still an object of debate both in terms of timing and surgical techniques. Until recently, the avoidance of surgery for tricuspid repair was commonly accepted in patients with less than severe secondary tricuspid regurgitation undergoing left-sided valve surgery. More recently, compelling evidence in favour of a more aggressive surgical approach in this setting has emerged. The surgical technique should be tailored to the stage of disease. Ring annuloplasty is more durable than suture annuloplasty and represents the method of choice in the presence of isolated annular dilatation. In patients in whom the dilatation of the tricuspid annulus is combined with significant leaflet tethering, annuloplasty alone is unlikely to be durable and additional procedures have been proposed in order to achieve a more durable repair. In this review, pathophysiology, surgical indications, techniques of repair and outcomes of secondary tricuspid regurgitation will be discussed.Wewill also focus on the challenging issue of significant tricuspid regurgitation occurring late after left-sided valve surgery. Finally, the current and future role of percutaneous tricuspid valve technologies will be briefly described. © 2014 Faculty of 1000 Ltd.
Medicine (all)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/6212
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