To assess long-term prognosis in patients with functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, receiving current standard pharmacological therapy. We prospectively enrolled 404 consecutive patients (mean age 70.2 +/- 10 years) with ischaemic (76.5%) and non-ischaemic (23.5%) LV dysfunction (ejection fraction 34.4 +/- 10.8%) and at least mild MR. Results are reported at 4 years' follow-up. Survival free of all-cause mortality was 53% and cardiac death was 74%. Survival free of all-cause mortality was 50% (95% CI 35-72) for patients with moderate MR, 49% (95% CI 27-65) for severe MR, and 64% (95% CI 47-78) for mild MR (P = 0.03). Survival free of cardiac death was 57% (95% CI 38-74) for patients with moderate MR, 55% (95% CI 30-77) for severe MR, and 94% (95% CI 59-98) for mild MR (P = 0.003). Moderate-to-severe MR [relative risk (RR) 2.7, 95% CI 1.2-6.1, P = 0.003] was an independent predictor of cardiac death but not of all-cause mortality. Survival free of heart failure (HF) was 32%. Survival free of HF was 20% (95% CI 17-35) for patients with moderate MR, 18% (95% CI 15-32) for severe MR, and 62% (95% CI 45-72) for mild MR (P = 0.0001). Moderate-to-severe MR (RR 3.2, 95% CI 1.9-5.2, P = 0.0001) was an independent predictor of HF. The mortality and morbidity of patients with LV dysfunction and FMR remain high despite current standard pharmacological therapy. Moderate-to-severe MR is an independent predictor of cardiac death and HF.

Long-term prognosis of medically treated patients with functional mitral regurgitation and left ventricular dysfunction

Agricola E;ALFIERI , OTTAVIO;MARGONATO , ALBERTO
2009

Abstract

To assess long-term prognosis in patients with functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, receiving current standard pharmacological therapy. We prospectively enrolled 404 consecutive patients (mean age 70.2 +/- 10 years) with ischaemic (76.5%) and non-ischaemic (23.5%) LV dysfunction (ejection fraction 34.4 +/- 10.8%) and at least mild MR. Results are reported at 4 years' follow-up. Survival free of all-cause mortality was 53% and cardiac death was 74%. Survival free of all-cause mortality was 50% (95% CI 35-72) for patients with moderate MR, 49% (95% CI 27-65) for severe MR, and 64% (95% CI 47-78) for mild MR (P = 0.03). Survival free of cardiac death was 57% (95% CI 38-74) for patients with moderate MR, 55% (95% CI 30-77) for severe MR, and 94% (95% CI 59-98) for mild MR (P = 0.003). Moderate-to-severe MR [relative risk (RR) 2.7, 95% CI 1.2-6.1, P = 0.003] was an independent predictor of cardiac death but not of all-cause mortality. Survival free of heart failure (HF) was 32%. Survival free of HF was 20% (95% CI 17-35) for patients with moderate MR, 18% (95% CI 15-32) for severe MR, and 62% (95% CI 45-72) for mild MR (P = 0.0001). Moderate-to-severe MR (RR 3.2, 95% CI 1.9-5.2, P = 0.0001) was an independent predictor of HF. The mortality and morbidity of patients with LV dysfunction and FMR remain high despite current standard pharmacological therapy. Moderate-to-severe MR is an independent predictor of cardiac death and HF.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/6777
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 17
  • Scopus 121
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 117
social impact