Little is known about the molecules that control the development and function of CD4(+)CD25(+)Tregs. Recently, it was shown that the transcription factor FOXP3 is necessary and sufficient for the generation of CD4(+)CD25(+) Tregs in mice. We investigated the capacity of FOXP3 to drive the generation of suppressive CD4(+)CD25(+) Tregs in humans. Surprisingly, although ectopic expression of FOXR3 in human CD4(+) T cells resulted in induction of hyporesponsiveness and suppression of IL-2 production, it,did not lead to acquisition of significant suppressor activity in vitro. Similarly, ectopic expression of FOXP3 Delta 2, an isoform found in human CD4(+)CD25(+) Tregs that lacks exon 2, also failed to induce the development of suppressor T cells. Moreover, when FOXP3 and FOXP3 Delta 2 were simultaneously overexpressed, although the expression of several Treg-associated cell surface markers was significantly increased, only a modest suppressive activity was induced. These data indicate that in humans, overexpression of FOXP3 alone or together with FOXP3 Delta 2 is not an effective method to generate potent suppressor T cells in vitro and suggest that factors in addition to FOXP3 are required during the process of activation and/or differentiation for the development of bona fide Tregs.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.