The bacterial growth and the production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TMF-alpha) and TNF receptors (TNF-Rs) in the spleen and blood of BALB/c mice challenged with Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) were monitored. Infection developed in two phases: the first, up to day 21, was associated with rapid MAC multiplication in the spleen and a drop in the mycobacteremia, and the second was associated with control of the infection in both compartments. In the spleen, TNF-alpha and TNF-RII mRNA levels peaked on day 21 and then slowly decreased; however, no increase in the level of TNF-RT mRNA was observed throughout these experiments, The level of circulating soluble TNF-RII (sTNF-RII) was transiently increased after day 21, In a model in which overproduction of bioactive TNF-alpha was triggered in response to a second infection with MAC, an increased production of sTNF-RII, by cultured splenocytes was also observed. Administration of an antagonist anti-TNF-RII monoclonal antibody (MAb 6G1) to infected mice inhibited the bacterial growth in the spleen, suggesting that the TNF-RII and/or sTNF-RII was functionally involved in the mechanisms that control the infection. Overall, these observations suggest that upregulation of TNF-W or sTNF-RII contributes to modulation of the TNF-alpha antibacterial activity in MAC infections.

Upregulation of p75 tumor necrosis factor alpha receptor in Mycobacterium avium-infected mice: Evidence for a functional role

CORTI , ANGELO;
1999

Abstract

The bacterial growth and the production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TMF-alpha) and TNF receptors (TNF-Rs) in the spleen and blood of BALB/c mice challenged with Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) were monitored. Infection developed in two phases: the first, up to day 21, was associated with rapid MAC multiplication in the spleen and a drop in the mycobacteremia, and the second was associated with control of the infection in both compartments. In the spleen, TNF-alpha and TNF-RII mRNA levels peaked on day 21 and then slowly decreased; however, no increase in the level of TNF-RT mRNA was observed throughout these experiments, The level of circulating soluble TNF-RII (sTNF-RII) was transiently increased after day 21, In a model in which overproduction of bioactive TNF-alpha was triggered in response to a second infection with MAC, an increased production of sTNF-RII, by cultured splenocytes was also observed. Administration of an antagonist anti-TNF-RII monoclonal antibody (MAb 6G1) to infected mice inhibited the bacterial growth in the spleen, suggesting that the TNF-RII and/or sTNF-RII was functionally involved in the mechanisms that control the infection. Overall, these observations suggest that upregulation of TNF-W or sTNF-RII contributes to modulation of the TNF-alpha antibacterial activity in MAC infections.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/7845
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