Objectives: Aortic valve implantation through peripheral vascular access is an option for high-risk patients with severe aortic valve stenosis. The authors aimed to compare the acute effect of endovascular and surgical aortic valve procedures on left ventricular diastolic function. Design: A case-matched, nonrandomized study. Setting: A university hospital. Participants: Patients with aortic stenosis. Interventions: B-natriuretic peptide was measured in 30 patients with a logistic EuroSCORE >= 20% undergoing endovascular aortic valve implantation. Patients were case matched (age, mitral flow propagation velocity, mitral annulus early diastolic velocity, and B-natriuretic peptide measurement) with 30 control patients undergoing surgical aortic valve replacement through sternotomy. Left ventricular diastole was evaluated initially and after valve procedures with echocardiography by mitral flow propagation velocity and mitral annulus early diastolic velocity. Measurements and Main Results: B-natriuretic peptide was similar preoperatively in the 2 groups (346 [188-438] v 367 [211-458] pg/mL) and higher (p = 0.006) in the surgical group postoperatively (389.5 [237-479] v 710.5 [389-822] pg/mL), with a postprocedural statistically significant increase only in the surgical group. Diastolic function was similar in the 2 groups preoperatively, improved postoperatively in the endovascular group, and worsened in the surgical group. Conclusions: B-natriuretic peptide increased after surgical but not after endovascular aortic valve replacement. Furthermore, endovascular aortic valve implantation acutely improved left ventricular diastolic function as documented by increases in mitral flow propagation velocity and mitral annulus early diastolic velocity. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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