Objective To investigate the staging of lymphadenectomy in renal cell carcinoma. No convincing data exist regarding the minimum number of lymph nodes that should be removed at the time of nephrectomy to ensure an accurate staging. Methods Between 1987 and 2011, 850 patients with renal cell carcinoma underwent either partial or radical nephrectomy plus lymph node dissection (LND) at a single tertiary care institution (T(any)N0-1M(any)). Receiver operating characteristic curve coordinates were used to graph the probability of finding lymph node invasion according to the number of removed lymph nodes. Assuming that the likelihood of finding lymph node invasion according to the number of lymph nodes removed may be affected by patient characteristics, analyses were further stratified for clinical and pathological characteristics. Results The rate of lymph node metastases strongly correlated with the clinical and pathological characteristics of the patients. Fifteen lymph nodes need to be removed to achieve a 90% probability of detecting at least one metastatic lymph node. Only slight differences were recorded after stratification for clinical nodal status, the presence of metastases at diagnosis and pathological T stage. Finally, 13, 16 and 21 lymph nodes need to be removed to achieve a 90% probability of detecting lymph node invasion, if present, in the low risk (score 0-1), intermediate risk (score 2-3) and high risk (score 4-5) Mayo Clinic classification, respectively.

Staging lymphadenectomy in renal cell carcinoma must be extended: a sensitivity curve analysis

BRIGANTI , ALBERTO;MONTORSI , FRANCESCO;
2013

Abstract

Objective To investigate the staging of lymphadenectomy in renal cell carcinoma. No convincing data exist regarding the minimum number of lymph nodes that should be removed at the time of nephrectomy to ensure an accurate staging. Methods Between 1987 and 2011, 850 patients with renal cell carcinoma underwent either partial or radical nephrectomy plus lymph node dissection (LND) at a single tertiary care institution (T(any)N0-1M(any)). Receiver operating characteristic curve coordinates were used to graph the probability of finding lymph node invasion according to the number of removed lymph nodes. Assuming that the likelihood of finding lymph node invasion according to the number of lymph nodes removed may be affected by patient characteristics, analyses were further stratified for clinical and pathological characteristics. Results The rate of lymph node metastases strongly correlated with the clinical and pathological characteristics of the patients. Fifteen lymph nodes need to be removed to achieve a 90% probability of detecting at least one metastatic lymph node. Only slight differences were recorded after stratification for clinical nodal status, the presence of metastases at diagnosis and pathological T stage. Finally, 13, 16 and 21 lymph nodes need to be removed to achieve a 90% probability of detecting lymph node invasion, if present, in the low risk (score 0-1), intermediate risk (score 2-3) and high risk (score 4-5) Mayo Clinic classification, respectively.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/8120
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