Purpose: To describe the patterns on near-infrared fundus autofluorescence in eyes affected by early age-related macular degeneration. Design: Cross-sectional observational case series. Participants: A total of 84 eyes of 84 patients suffering from early age-related macular degeneration (>63 μm but <125 μm drusen and no-to-mild retinal pigment epithelium abnormalities) were enrolled. Methods: Patients underwent best-corrected visual acuity, biomicroscopy, infrared reflectance, short-wavelength fundus autofluorescence, and near-infrared fundus autofluorescence. Eyes were classified according to different patterns of near-infrared fundus autofluorescence. Main outcome was definition of relative prevalence and features of each near-infrared fundus autofluorescence pattern; secondary outcomes were correlation between near-infrared fundus autofluorescence and short-wavelength fundus autofluorescence and between near-infrared fundus autofluorescence patterns and best-corrected visual acuity. Results: Four different patterns of near-infrared fundus autofluorescence identified: normal foveal signal (Pattern A, 7%); normal foveal signal with hyperautofluorescent/hypoautofluorescent spots not involving the fovea (Pattern B, 65.5%); hyperautofluorescent/hypoautofluorescent spots involving the fovea (Pattern C, 15.5%); patchy pattern (Pattern D, 12%). best-corrected visual acuity was lower in eyes with foveal signal alteration (Patterns C and D). Conclusion: Near-infrared fundus autofluorescence pattern in early age-related macular degeneration might be suggestive of visual function deterioration when the fovea is involved. Longitudinal studies are warranted to confirm our preliminary results.
Near-infrared fundus autofluorescence in early age-related macular degeneration / Battaglia Parodi, M.; Iacono, P.; Papayannis, A.; Alto, G.; Buzzotta, A.; Arrigo, A.; Cicinelli, M. V.; Bandello, F.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF OPHTHALMOLOGY. - ISSN 1120-6721. - (2019), p. 1120672119885047. [Epub ahead of print] [10.1177/1120672119885047]