Introduction: Few studies analysed the impact of different venous resection techniques on recurrence in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Primary aim was to compare local recurrence rate and disease-free survival (DFS) between patients who underwent pancreatectomy with tangential versus segmental resection of portal vein/superior mesenteric vein. Materials and methods: All consecutive patients who underwent pancreatectomy with venous resection for PDAC between 2009 and 2019 were included. A propensity score matching (PSM) was used to reduce the effect of treatment selection bias. Results: Overall, 120 patients (68%) underwent pancreatectomy with tangential venous resection and 57 patients (32%) were submitted to pancreatectomy with segmental venous resection. After a median follow-up of 24 months, local recurrence was comparable between the two groups (tangential: n = 32/120, 26.7% versus segmental: n = 10/57, 17.5%; p = 0.58). The median DFS was 17 months (IQR 9-31) in patients who underwent tangential resection, as compared to 12 months (IQR 5-21) in those who underwent segmental resection (p = 0.049). After PSM (n = 106), the median DFS was 18 months (IQR 9-26) in the tangential resection group, and 12 months (IQR 5-21) in the segmental resection group (p = 0.17). In the PSM population, lymph node ratio (HR 4.83; p = 0.028) and tumor size >25 mm (HR 3.26; p = 0.007) were identified as determinants of local recurrence. Conclusion: Tangential venous resections are not associated with a higher rate of local recurrence. Long-term outcomes are more related to tumors characteristics than to venous resection techniques. A step-up approach to vein resection, with tangential resection being performed whenever technically feasible, should be strongly encouraged.

Pancreatectomy with venous vascular resection for pancreatic cancer: Impact of types of vein resection on timing and pattern of recurrence / Tamburrino, D.; Belfiori, G.; Andreasi, V.; Provinciali, L.; Cerchione, R.; De Stefano, F.; Fermi, F.; Gasparini, G.; Pecorelli, N.; Partelli, S.; Crippa, S.; Falconi, M.. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SURGICAL ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 0748-7983. - (2023). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1016/j.ejso.2023.03.229]

Pancreatectomy with venous vascular resection for pancreatic cancer: Impact of types of vein resection on timing and pattern of recurrence

Belfiori G.
Secondo
;
Andreasi V.;Provinciali L.;Cerchione R.;De Stefano F.;Fermi F.;Gasparini G.;Pecorelli N.;Partelli S.;Crippa S.
Penultimo
;
Falconi M.
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Introduction: Few studies analysed the impact of different venous resection techniques on recurrence in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Primary aim was to compare local recurrence rate and disease-free survival (DFS) between patients who underwent pancreatectomy with tangential versus segmental resection of portal vein/superior mesenteric vein. Materials and methods: All consecutive patients who underwent pancreatectomy with venous resection for PDAC between 2009 and 2019 were included. A propensity score matching (PSM) was used to reduce the effect of treatment selection bias. Results: Overall, 120 patients (68%) underwent pancreatectomy with tangential venous resection and 57 patients (32%) were submitted to pancreatectomy with segmental venous resection. After a median follow-up of 24 months, local recurrence was comparable between the two groups (tangential: n = 32/120, 26.7% versus segmental: n = 10/57, 17.5%; p = 0.58). The median DFS was 17 months (IQR 9-31) in patients who underwent tangential resection, as compared to 12 months (IQR 5-21) in those who underwent segmental resection (p = 0.049). After PSM (n = 106), the median DFS was 18 months (IQR 9-26) in the tangential resection group, and 12 months (IQR 5-21) in the segmental resection group (p = 0.17). In the PSM population, lymph node ratio (HR 4.83; p = 0.028) and tumor size >25 mm (HR 3.26; p = 0.007) were identified as determinants of local recurrence. Conclusion: Tangential venous resections are not associated with a higher rate of local recurrence. Long-term outcomes are more related to tumors characteristics than to venous resection techniques. A step-up approach to vein resection, with tangential resection being performed whenever technically feasible, should be strongly encouraged.
2023
Pancreatectomy
Pancreatic cancer
Resection
Segmental
Tangential
Vein
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/140576
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