Amputation has a big impact on the functioning of patients, with negative effects on locomotion and dexterity. In this context, inertial measurement units represent a useful tool in clinical practice for motion analysis, and in the development of personalized aids to improve a patient’s function. To date, there is still a gap of knowledge in the scientific literature on the application of inertial sensors in amputee patients. Thus, the aim of this narrative review was to collect the current knowledge on this topic and stimulate the publication of further research. Pubmed, Embase, Scopus, and Cochrane Library publications were screened until November 2022 to identify eligible studies. Out of 444 results, we selected 26 articles focused on movement analysis, risk of falls, energy expenditure, and the development of sensor-integrated prostheses. The results showed that the use of inertial sensors has the potential to improve the quality of life of patients with prostheses, increasing patient safety through the detection of gait alteration; enhancing the socio-occupational reintegration through the development of highly technologic and personalized prosthesis; and by monitoring the patients during daily life to plan a tailored rehabilitation program.

Gait Alteration in Individual with Limb Loss: The Role of Inertial Sensors / Demeco, Andrea; Martini, Chiara; Frizziero, Antonio; Nuresi, Christian; Buccino, Giovanni; Pisani, Francesco; Foresti, Ruben; Costantino, Cosimo. - In: SENSORS. - ISSN 1424-8220. - (2023). [10.3390/s23041880]

Gait Alteration in Individual with Limb Loss: The Role of Inertial Sensors

Giovanni Buccino;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Amputation has a big impact on the functioning of patients, with negative effects on locomotion and dexterity. In this context, inertial measurement units represent a useful tool in clinical practice for motion analysis, and in the development of personalized aids to improve a patient’s function. To date, there is still a gap of knowledge in the scientific literature on the application of inertial sensors in amputee patients. Thus, the aim of this narrative review was to collect the current knowledge on this topic and stimulate the publication of further research. Pubmed, Embase, Scopus, and Cochrane Library publications were screened until November 2022 to identify eligible studies. Out of 444 results, we selected 26 articles focused on movement analysis, risk of falls, energy expenditure, and the development of sensor-integrated prostheses. The results showed that the use of inertial sensors has the potential to improve the quality of life of patients with prostheses, increasing patient safety through the detection of gait alteration; enhancing the socio-occupational reintegration through the development of highly technologic and personalized prosthesis; and by monitoring the patients during daily life to plan a tailored rehabilitation program.
2023
amputation, inertial measurement unit, rehabilitation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/144436
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