Purpose To compare the diagnostic accuracy and detection rates of PET/MRI with [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 and [68Ga]Ga-M2 in patients with biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer (PCa).Methods Sixty patients were enrolled in this prospective single-center phase II clinical trial from June 2020 to October 2022. Forty-four/60 completed all study examinations and were available at follow-up (median: 22.8 months, range: 6-31.5 months). Two nuclear medicine physicians analyzed PET images and two radiologists interpreted MRI; images were then re-examined to produce an integrated PET/MRI report for both [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 and [68Ga]Ga-RM2 examinations. A composite reference standard including histological specimens, response to treatment, and conventional imaging gathered during follow-up was used to validate imaging findings. Detection rates, accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive value were assessed. McNemar's test was used to compare sensitivity and specificity on a per-patient base and detection rate on a per-region base. Prostate bed, locoregional lymph nodes, non-skeletal distant metastases, and bone metastases were considered. p-value significance was defined below the 0.05 level after correction for multiple testing.Results Patients' median age was 69.8 years (interquartile range (IQR): 61.8-75.1) and median PSA level at time of imaging was 0.53 ng/mL (IQR: 0.33-2.04). During follow-up, evidence of recurrence was observed in 31/44 patients. Combining MRI with [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET and [68Ga]Ga-RM2 PET resulted in sensitivity = 100% and 93.5% and specificity of 69.2% and 69.2%, respectively. When considering the individual imaging modalities, [68Ga]Ga-RM2 PET showed lower sensitivity compared to [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET and MRI (61.3% vs 83.9% and 87.1%, p = 0.046 and 0.043, respectively), while specificity was comparable among the imaging modalities (100% vs 84.6% and 69.2%, p = 0.479 and 0.134, respectively).Conclusion This study brings further evidence on the utility of fully hybrid PET/MRI for disease characterization in patients with biochemically recurrent PCa. Imaging with [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET showed high sensitivity, while the utility of [68Ga]Ga-RM2 PET in absence of a simultaneous whole-body/multiparametric MRI remains to be determined.

Diagnostic accuracy of fully hybrid [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET/MRI and [68Ga]Ga-RM2 PET/MRI in patients with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer: a prospective single-center phase II clinical trial / Ghezzo, Samuele; Mapelli, Paola; Samanes Gajate, Ana Maria; Palmisano, Anna; Cucchiara, Vito; Brembilla, Giorgio; Bezzi, Carolina; Suardi, Nazareno; Scifo, Paola; Briganti, Alberto; De Cobelli, Francesco; Chiti, Arturo; Esposito, Antonio; Picchio, Maria. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MEDICINE AND MOLECULAR IMAGING. - ISSN 1619-7070. - (2023). [10.1007/s00259-023-06483-y]

Diagnostic accuracy of fully hybrid [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET/MRI and [68Ga]Ga-RM2 PET/MRI in patients with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer: a prospective single-center phase II clinical trial

Ghezzo, Samuele
Primo
;
Mapelli, Paola
Secondo
;
Palmisano, Anna;Cucchiara, Vito;Brembilla, Giorgio;Bezzi, Carolina;Briganti, Alberto;De Cobelli, Francesco;Chiti, Arturo;Esposito, Antonio
Penultimo
;
Picchio, Maria
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

Purpose To compare the diagnostic accuracy and detection rates of PET/MRI with [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 and [68Ga]Ga-M2 in patients with biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer (PCa).Methods Sixty patients were enrolled in this prospective single-center phase II clinical trial from June 2020 to October 2022. Forty-four/60 completed all study examinations and were available at follow-up (median: 22.8 months, range: 6-31.5 months). Two nuclear medicine physicians analyzed PET images and two radiologists interpreted MRI; images were then re-examined to produce an integrated PET/MRI report for both [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 and [68Ga]Ga-RM2 examinations. A composite reference standard including histological specimens, response to treatment, and conventional imaging gathered during follow-up was used to validate imaging findings. Detection rates, accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive value were assessed. McNemar's test was used to compare sensitivity and specificity on a per-patient base and detection rate on a per-region base. Prostate bed, locoregional lymph nodes, non-skeletal distant metastases, and bone metastases were considered. p-value significance was defined below the 0.05 level after correction for multiple testing.Results Patients' median age was 69.8 years (interquartile range (IQR): 61.8-75.1) and median PSA level at time of imaging was 0.53 ng/mL (IQR: 0.33-2.04). During follow-up, evidence of recurrence was observed in 31/44 patients. Combining MRI with [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET and [68Ga]Ga-RM2 PET resulted in sensitivity = 100% and 93.5% and specificity of 69.2% and 69.2%, respectively. When considering the individual imaging modalities, [68Ga]Ga-RM2 PET showed lower sensitivity compared to [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET and MRI (61.3% vs 83.9% and 87.1%, p = 0.046 and 0.043, respectively), while specificity was comparable among the imaging modalities (100% vs 84.6% and 69.2%, p = 0.479 and 0.134, respectively).Conclusion This study brings further evidence on the utility of fully hybrid PET/MRI for disease characterization in patients with biochemically recurrent PCa. Imaging with [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-11 PET showed high sensitivity, while the utility of [68Ga]Ga-RM2 PET in absence of a simultaneous whole-body/multiparametric MRI remains to be determined.
2023
Biochemical recurrence
Diagnostic accuracy
PET/MRI
PSMA
Prostate cancer
RM2
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/155418
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