Background: Fatigue is frequent in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) impacting physical and cognitive functions. Lower aerobic capacity and regional thalamic volume may be involved in the pathophysiology of fatigue in pwMS. Objectives: To identify associations between thalamic nuclei volumes, aerobic capacity and fatigue and to investigate whether the influence of aerobic capacity on fatigue in pwMS is mediated by thalamic integrity. Methods: Eighty-three pwMS underwent a clinical evaluation with assessment of fatigue (Modified Fatigue Impact Scale [MFIS]), including physical (pMFIS) and cognitive (cMFIS) components, and peak of oxygen uptake (VO2peak). PwMS and 63 sex- and age-matched healthy controls (HC) underwent a 3 T brain MRI to quantify volume of the whole thalamus and its nuclei. Results: Compared to HC, pwMS showed higher global MFIS, pMFIS and cMFIS scores, and lower VO2peak and thalamic volumes (p < 0.001). In pwMS, higher VO2peak was significantly associated with lower MFIS and pMFIS scores (r value = − 0.326 and − 0.356; pFDR ≤ 0.046) and higher laterodorsal thalamic nucleus (Dor) cluster volume (r value = 0.300; pFDR = 0.047). Moreover, lower Dor thalamic cluster volume was significantly associated with higher MFIS, pMFIS and cMFIS scores (r value range = − 0.305; − 0.293; pFDR ≤ 0.049). The volume of Dor thalamic cluster partially mediated the positive effects of VO2peak on both MFIS and cMFIS, with relative indirect effects of 21% and 32% respectively. No mediation was found for pMFIS. Conclusions: Higher VO2peak is associated with lower fatigue in pwMS, likely acting on Dor thalamic cluster volume integrity. Such an effect might be different according to the type of fatigue (cognitive or physical).

Thalamic nuclei volume partially mediates the effects of aerobic capacity on fatigue in people with multiple sclerosis / Albergoni, M.; Pagani, E.; Preziosa, P.; Meani, A.; Margoni, M.; Rocca, M. A.; Filippi, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 0340-5354. - 271:6(2024), pp. 3378-3388. [10.1007/s00415-024-12277-5]

Thalamic nuclei volume partially mediates the effects of aerobic capacity on fatigue in people with multiple sclerosis

Preziosa P.;Rocca M. A.
Penultimo
;
Filippi M.
Ultimo
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background: Fatigue is frequent in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS) impacting physical and cognitive functions. Lower aerobic capacity and regional thalamic volume may be involved in the pathophysiology of fatigue in pwMS. Objectives: To identify associations between thalamic nuclei volumes, aerobic capacity and fatigue and to investigate whether the influence of aerobic capacity on fatigue in pwMS is mediated by thalamic integrity. Methods: Eighty-three pwMS underwent a clinical evaluation with assessment of fatigue (Modified Fatigue Impact Scale [MFIS]), including physical (pMFIS) and cognitive (cMFIS) components, and peak of oxygen uptake (VO2peak). PwMS and 63 sex- and age-matched healthy controls (HC) underwent a 3 T brain MRI to quantify volume of the whole thalamus and its nuclei. Results: Compared to HC, pwMS showed higher global MFIS, pMFIS and cMFIS scores, and lower VO2peak and thalamic volumes (p < 0.001). In pwMS, higher VO2peak was significantly associated with lower MFIS and pMFIS scores (r value = − 0.326 and − 0.356; pFDR ≤ 0.046) and higher laterodorsal thalamic nucleus (Dor) cluster volume (r value = 0.300; pFDR = 0.047). Moreover, lower Dor thalamic cluster volume was significantly associated with higher MFIS, pMFIS and cMFIS scores (r value range = − 0.305; − 0.293; pFDR ≤ 0.049). The volume of Dor thalamic cluster partially mediated the positive effects of VO2peak on both MFIS and cMFIS, with relative indirect effects of 21% and 32% respectively. No mediation was found for pMFIS. Conclusions: Higher VO2peak is associated with lower fatigue in pwMS, likely acting on Dor thalamic cluster volume integrity. Such an effect might be different according to the type of fatigue (cognitive or physical).
2024
Aerobic capacity
Fatigue
Magnetic resonance imaging
Multiple sclerosis
Thalamic nuclei
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11768/160301
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